Articles

SOUTH AFRICAN VETERINARY COUNCIL

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Tel: (012) 342 1612 Fax: (012) 342 4354

P O Box 40510, ARCADIA, 0007

3. EVALUATION FORM FOR ANIMAL WELFARE ASSISTANTS

This form is to be completed by a SAVC accredited registered veterinarian.

1.  Full name of AWA  :

2.  Employer of AWA  :

3.  Geographical area in which duties are to be performed  :

All AWAs must be assessed for understanding the role and responsability of the AWA in terms of the Veterinary and Para-Veterinary Professions Act, 1982 and sections A to F (procedures/services performed under veterinary direction) and be competent in order to obtain authorisation.

Sections G, H and I (procedures/services performed under veterinary supervision) are optional and additional authorisation will be granted for these if the applicant is deemed to be competent.

Applications for authorisation for intravenous catheterisation are dealt with separately.

Please tick the appropriate box both in the shaded areas (competent / not competent) and also indicate in which specie(s) the evaluation was performed (where applicable). Key: SA=small animals, PA=production animals, EQ=equines.  Where a generic skill is being assessed, i.e. the competency is not species related, the boxes have been blacked out and the candidate can be assessed with respect to any specie(s).

UNDERSTANDING THE ROLE AND RESPONSIBILITY OF THE AWA

IN TERMS OF THE ACT

COMPETENT

NOT COMPETENT

Comments / Concerns :

A.      EXAMINING A PATIENT AND RECOGNISING A HEALTHY ANIMAL

COMPETENT

NOT COMPETENT

SA

PA

EQ

Take a relevant history

Restrain patient adequately and humanely

Recognise clinical signs of healthy animal

Evaluate temperature, pulse, respiration, mucous membranes, hydration status

Describe clinical signs

Keep correct records

Make blood smear

Communicate primary health care effectively

Comments / Concerns :

B.  BASIC HUSBANDRY

COMPETENT

NOT COMPETENT

SA

PA

EQ

Feeding

Housing, confinement, restraint

Hoof / claw / nail / coat / tooth care

Understanding  of sterilisation / castration

Prevention of cruelty

Comments / Concerns :

C.  ADMINISTRATION OF MEDICINES

COMPETENT

NOT COMPETENT

SA

PA

EQ

Handle and store medicines

Aware of side effects

Measure correct dosages – oral and injectable

Administer medicines per os – solid and fluid

Handle sterile needles and syringes

Subcutaneous injection

Advise on dispensed medication

Record keeping of medicines administered

Comments / Concerns :

D.  VACCINATIONS, DEWORMING AND EXTERNAL PARASITE CONTROL

COMPETENT

NOT COMPETENT

SA

PA

EQ

Handle, store and care for vaccines

Follow prescribed vaccination and deworming programmes

Record vaccinations and deworming

Dip animals according to veterinary protocol

Educate owner on vaccination, internal and external parasite control

Comments / Concerns :

E.  DEALING WITH INJURED ANIMALS

COMPETENT

NOT COMPETENT

SA

PA

EQ

Transportation of sick animal

Understand asepsis

Clean wounds

Apply ointments

Apply pressure bandage for haemorrhage

Assess pain

Comments / Concerns :

F.  ZOONOSES

COMPETENT

NOT COMPETENT

SA

PA

EQ

Understand concept

Comments / Concerns :

G.  RADIOGRAPHS

COMPETENT

NOT COMPETENT

SA

PA

EQ

Assist with restraint

Know dangers of radiation

Comments / Concerns :

H.  EUTHANASIA

COMPETENT

NOT COMPETENT

SA

PA

EQ

Intravenous euthanasia

Handle and store medicines

Dealing with haematoma

Methods of carcass disposal

Comments / Concerns :

I. INTRAMUSCULAR AND INTRAVENOUS INJECTIONS

COMPETENT

NOT COMPETENT

SA

PA

EQ

Intramuscular injection

Intravenous injection

Comments / Concerns :

6. Date of evaluation:

7. General comments:

Signed on this _______________ day of  ______________________________

20_______________

____________________________________     _________________________________

SIGNATURE & PRINT NAME                                     REG NUMBER:_______________

12/03/2007

4. POLICY GUIDELINES FOR DEALING WITH APPLICATIONS FROM ANIMAL WELFARE ASSISTANTS FOR MRA PERMITS TO ACQUIRE, KEEP AND USE SODIUM PENTOBARBITONE


1. Introduction


The intention of the permits issued in terms of the provisions of Section 22A (9) (a)(i) of the Medicines and Related Substances Act, 1965 (Act 101 of 1965) by the Department of Health to acquire, keep and use sodium pentobarbitone is to assist those animal welfare organisations (AWOs) where there is no veterinary supervision for an animal welfare assistant (AWA) who has to euthanase animals in the course of his/her work.


In terms of Act 101 only certain professionals including veterinarians are allowed to acquire, keep and use Schedule 6 substances such as sodium pentobarbitone. The authority granted to animal welfare assistants by the permits issued by the Medicines Regulatory Authority (MRA) is a concession and should be viewed as a privilege, not as a right. Any abuse of this privilege could result in such authorisation being withdrawn across the board. Permits can only be issued in exceptional circumstances.


The permits are issued on the following conditions:

a) The substances shall be used for euthanasia in animals only, and only by authorised animal welfare assistants.

b) The control over the substances is the responsibility of the animal welfare assistant.

c) Complete details of the substances acquired and used must be recorded in registers designed specifically for this purpose in accordance with the provisions of the relevant regulations.

d) Orders for the substances must be signed for by the animal welfare assistant.

e) When the substances are acquired, the name and address of the supplier, the date supplied, the quantity supplied and the number of the relevant invoice must be recorded on the permit.

f) The register referred to in (d) above, as well as copies of orders and invoices pertaining to the supply of the substance, must be available at the address provided on the application form for a period of at least 3 years and is subject to inspection by inspectors of Act 101.

g) Permits are issued for a period of one year only and must be returned to the Department of Health for cancellation and must be accompanied by a statement reflecting the quantity of substances on stock at expiry.


Since performing euthanasia is a procedure that falls within the scope of work of a veterinarian, lay people can only perform the procedure if duly authorised in terms of Section 23(1) of the Veterinary and Para-Veterinary Professions Act (Act 19 if 1982. The system of authorising AWAs came into being because of this dilemma where lay people trained to perform the euthanasia procedure due to a lack of veterinarians available to perform the procedure had to be legitimised.


By mutual agreement between the MRA and SAVC, the MRA grants authorisation to lay persons to acquire, keep and use sodium pentobarbitone subject to approval by the South African Veterinary Council (SAVC). It has come to SAVC’s attention that the MRA has been issuing permits on the strength of AWA authorisation only without obtaining the SAVC’s input on each application. Thus the issuing of permits by the MRA was based on a misunderstanding that the SAVC’s approval for MRA permits was implied for any person authorised as an AWA. The SAVC and MRA have since agreed that all applications are first forwarded to the SAVC for approval as AWA authorisation does not automatically include approval for authorisation to acquire, keep and use sodium pentobarbitone.


2. Policy


MRA permits will now be issued subject to a positive recommendation from the SAVC. Applications will be considered by the SAVC based on the following principles:


a) Applications should demonstrate a real need for the permit. The onus is on the AWO and AWA to demonstrate the exceptional circumstances that necessitate the permit application.

b) Additional proof of competency of the AWA: The AWA must demonstrate an understanding of Act 101 and his/her responsibility in this regard. This should be based on an assessment by an SAVC-accredited assessor.

c) SAVC supports improved cooperation between the public and private veterinary sectors and animal welfare. Private and state veterinarians should be aware of AWAs in their areas that have authorisation to acquire, keep and use sodium pentobarbitone. While applications will not necessarily be subject to approval by local private and state veterinarians, it is considered important that they should be made aware of the need. It is possible that such veterinarians, once made aware of the need may offer to supervise the AWA and thereby obviate the need for a permit application.


3. Requirements


Applications should be accompanied by the following:


a) A written motivation for the need to acquire, keep and use sodium pentobarbitone without veterinary supervision. This motivation must include evidence that no veterinary supervision is available. Applications from Inspectors of the National Council of SPCAs may be exempted from this requirement on condition that a veterinarian in the employ of the NSPCA supports the application;

b) Proof of competency by an SAVC-accredited assessor;

c) Proof that local state and private veterinarians have been made aware of the application; and

d) Failure to comply with any conditions and requirements may result in future applications being denied.

Finalised & approved SAVC, 29 May 2008

Links to African Council websites

Veterinary Statutory Bodies in Africa
http://www.rr-africa.oie.int/en/RC/en_vsbs.html

Veterinary Council of Namibia
http://www.van.org.na/section.php?secid=10

Veterinary Council of Zimbabwe (department of livestock and veterinary services)
http://www.dlvs.gov.zw/

Kenya Veterinary Board
http://kenyavetboard.org/

Veterinary Council of Tanzania
http://www.mifugouvuvi.go.tz/vertinary-council-of-tanzania/

Botswana Veterinary Association
http://www.bva.org.bw/bva_content.php?id=2

You are here: Home