Subject course

Minimum academic year

Contents and instructions



Organic chemistry



Subject shall be presented in a manner which is applicable to the animal or human body.



Zoology and Botany*


½ each


1. Macroscopic Anatomy

2. Microscopic Anatomy (histology)

3. Developmental Anatomy (embryology)




Functional morphology of domesticated animals, including birds, the dissection of carcass material and demonstrations on living animals.

Study of the microscopic structure of tissues and organs and the identification thereof.

Embryonic development and related matters including genetic and developmental aberrations.


Physiological chemistry, physiology of animals and birds with the emphasis on understanding of body functions.



Use of medicines and related substances used in veterinary practice and the acts that govern the use thereof.

Para-clinical group:

1. Animal science group of subjects

2. Pathology group of subjects

Clinical group:

1. Medicine

2. Theriogenology

3. Surgery and anaesthesiology

4. Radiology

5. Livestock and poultry health

6. General clinical practice


(a) Theoretical and practical instructions in -

(i) genetics, breed characteristics, breeding, production systems, products, economics and production, breeding for disease resistance and related matters;

(ii) housing, management, care, handling and behaviour of animals; and

(iii) optimal nutriment and fee-ding of animals with emphasis on nutritional imbalances, deficiencies and the feeding of sick animals.

(b) Practically orientated know-ledge of veld and pastures, the management and utilisation thereof in the maintenance and promotion of animal health and production with the emphasis on environmental conservation.

(a) Macroscopic anatomical pathology including post-mortem examinations with emphasis on diagnosis and the general pathological principles of microscopic anatomical pathology.

(b) Infectious and contagious diseases including microbiology, immunology and diseases caused by bacteria, viruses, protozoa, fungi and other pathogenic organisms.

(c) Veterinary public health and food hygiene.

(d) Veterinary helminthology and entomology.

(e) Clinical pathology.

(f) Veterinary toxicology:

(i) identification of toxic plants, organic and inorganic compounds and the diagnosis, treatment and control of toxicosis in animals;

(ii) basic and applied epidemiology;

(iii) statutory obligations of veterinarians; and

(iv) the role of management in disease occurrence and disease control.

(g) With theoretical and practical instruction in the epidemiology and pathology group of subjects, special attention shall be given to the correlation of subject matter, the application of subject matter in preventive and promotive veterinary medicine and the relevance of subject matter to clinical practice under different husbandry conditions.

The principles and practise.

The principles and practise.

The principles and practise with the emphasis on those procedures more commonly encountered in general practise.

The principles and practise.

Integrated instruction in and experience of general clinical practice.

Training in the clinical subjects shall -

(a) emphasise on experimental study of inpatients and outpatients;

(b) include participation in herd health programmes;

(c) take place -

(i) in an animal hospital attached to the university for this purpose;

(ii) in outlying hospitals and clinics in rural and urban communities; and

(iii) on farms

(d) include training on curative, promotive, preventive and ethical aspects of veterinary practice; and

(e) during internship, give equal exposure to training in the regulatory fields of veterinary public health, animal disease control and state veterinary administration.

* Subject shall include basic principles required in the study of other subjects in the curriculum and practical instruction therein.

** Subject shall be taught with emphasis on clinical teaching and interrelation of structure and function.


Links to African Council websites

Veterinary Statutory Bodies in Africa

Veterinary Council of Namibia

Veterinary Council of Zimbabwe (department of livestock and veterinary services)

Kenya Veterinary Board

Veterinary Council of Tanzania

Botswana Veterinary Association

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