Authorisation: All veterinary and para veterinary services (Section 23.1(c))

GNR.770 of 24 August 2007:  Rules relating to the practising of the para-veterinary profession of animal health technician
(Government Gazette No. 30184)
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

As amended by


Notice

Government Gazette

Date

R 867

32298

12 June 2009

SCHEDULE
ARRANGEMENT OF REGULATIONS

 

 

1.

Definitions

2.

Services pertaining to the profession of animal health technician

3.

Procedures performed on animals

4.

Execution of services

5.

Emergency treatment

6.

Course of conduct for animal health technicians.

1.   Definitions.—Any word or expression in this Schedule to which a meaning has been assigned in the Act shall have that meaning, and
“Act” means the Veterinary and Para-Veterinary Professions Act, 1982 (Act No. 19 of 1982), and the regulations made thereunder;
“Primary animal health care” means general care, disease prevention, parasite control, husbandry, housing and feeding of animals.
2.   Services pertaining to the profession of animal health technician.—For the purposes of the Act the following services shall be deemed to be services which pertain to the para-veterinary profession of animal health technician:
2.1         Surveillance and inspection of all livestock, poultry and game, and where relevant the reporting of all diseases listed by the Office International des Epizootics (OIE) guidelines in disease control areas, at livestock auctions, sales and during routine farm visits and inspections;
2.2         Implementation of vaccination programmes in livestock, in order to prevent, and/or control animal diseases and to strive towards establishing a disease free animal population and to administer these vaccines;
2.3         Implementation of parasite control programmes in livestock, in order to prevent, and/or control animal parasites and to strive towards establishing a parasite free animal population;
2.4         To carry out abattoir inspections and report in writing to the Veterinary Public Health Directorate/s of the National and Provincial Departments of Agriculture in respect of essential national standards;
2.5         To carry out meat inspections and other duties under the relevant abattoir legislation, if authorised thereto by the Provincial executive officer;
2.6         Perform delegated duties pertaining to regulated animal diseases, listed under the relevant animal disease control legislation, including the various eradication schemes, including but not limited to the—
2.6.1      Brucellosis eradication scheme;
2.6.2      Taking of samples for the diagnosis by a veterinarian of Brucellosis in animals and the testing of animals for tuberculosis by means of a intradermal tuberculin test provided that the animal health technician passed a course approved by the Department of Agriculture;
2.7         Extension services (including training and education) to farmers, community members and their children, to protect and promote the health and well being of animals;
2.8         The collection, capturing and evaluation of data and the compiling of reports whilst assisting with epidemiological and research projects;
2.9         The collection of specimens to assist in the investigation of reproductive and fertility problems in livestock;
2.10       The collection of samples, including blood smears, brain smears, impression smears, skin scrapings, wool scrapings, faecal samples but excluding the collection of samples by biopsy;
2.11       The examination and analysis of samples including blood smears, skin and wool scrapings, urine analysis and faecal samples and elementary clinical chemistry;
2.12       Carry out basic post mortem examinations and the collection and submission of samples for microbiological, toxicological, histopathological and serological investigation.
2.13       Artificial insemination provided that the animal health technician is registered as an inseminator with the Registrar Animal Improvement in terms of the Animal Improvement Act, 1998 (Act No. 62 of 1998);
2.14       Render primary animal health care to resource poor communities;
2.15       Perform other duties authorised in terms of any other legislation.
2.16       An animal health technician may assist a veterinary professional when the veterinary professional is performing surgery outside the theatre environment or under field conditions.
3.   Procedures performed on animals.
3.1         An animal health technician may carry out the following procedures on animals without veterinary supervision:
3.1.1      Open castrations of:
3.1.1.1   cattle under 3 (three) months;
3.1.1.2   sheep and goats under 2 (two) months; and
3.1.1.3   pigs up to 7 (seven) days;
3.1.2      Dehorning of immature animals under 4 (four) months;
3.1.3      Tail docking of:
3.1.3.1   pigs up to 7 (seven) days
3.1.3.2   sheep by using the open method under 2 (two) months and the elastrator method under 6 (six) weeks;
3.1.4      Feet trimming;
3.1.5      Branding
3.2         An animal health technician may carry out procedures on animals on instruction and supervision of a person registered to practise a veterinary profession, including but not limited to:
3.2.1      the lancing of abscesses;
3.2.2      the treatment of septic wounds;
3.2.3      the administration of injections and medicines

4.   Execution of services.
4.1         Notwithstanding the provisions of rules 2 and 3.2 an animal health technician shall perform the services referred to in rule 2 only during the course of employment:
4.1.1      with the state; or
4.1.2      on behalf of a person;
4.1.2.1   registered to practise a veterinary profession; or
4.1.2.2   employing a person registered to practise a veterinary profession; or
4.1.3      during the course of employment by a person;
4.1.3.1   registered to practise a veterinary profession; or
4.1.3.2   employing a person registered to practise a veterinary profession
4.2         Rules 2 and 3.2 shall not be construed in a manner so as to prohibit any other person registered to practise a veterinary or para-veterinary profession from performing procedures that pertain to their profession.
5.   Emergency treatment.—In a case of emergency an animal health technician may also render other services which fall within the scope of training and experience of an animal health technician and which are essential to save lives or relieve suffering in animals, on condition that a report thereon is made to the person referred to in rule 4 as soon as possible and the further treatment of such animal is entrusted to that person or another person registered to practise a veterinary profession.
6.   Course of conduct for animal health technicians.
6.1         A person who practices the para-veterinary profession of Animal Health Technician shall base his or her personal and professional conduct thereon that—
(a)          he or she is a member of a learned and honourable profession and is required to act at all times in a manner that shall maintain and promote the prestige, honour, dignity and interest of the profession and of the persons by whom it is practised;
(b)          he or she is morally obliged to serve the public to the best of his or her ability by maintaining, at all times, the highest standard of animal health care and professional conduct;
(c)          he or she is to work in co-operation with colleagues and members of other professions in a responsible and professional manner;
(d)          he or she will not permit himself of herself to be exploited in a manner, which may be detrimental to an animal, the public or the profession.
6.2         An animal health technician shall—
(a)          execute tasks discerningly and faithfully and shall refuse to take part in any unethical behaviour or procedure;
(b)          keep himself or herself informed of all the laws which affect him or her in the practising of his or her profession;
(c)          be familiar with the ethical rules applicable to animal health technicians and shall promote these rules at all times;
(d)          regard any information acquired during the course of his or her employment as confidential and shall refrain from divulging such information to any person except his or her employer;
(e)          refrain from expressing any criticism in public through which the reputation, status or practise of a colleague in the profession is or could be undermined or injured, or through which a reflection is or could be cast on the professionalism skill, methods of conduct of such colleague; and
( f )         at all times, keep detailed and accurate records of all information and procedures performed by him or her for at least three years.
6.3         All persons practising as Animal Health Technicians are working for the same good cause and they shall therefore co-operate with each other and the authorities concerned to promote that cause.
6.4         The methods employed by a person practising as an Animal Health Technician shall comply with the applicable minimum Good Laboratory Practice Code (GLP’s) and other standards as determined from time to time.

GN 1445 of 3 October 1997:  Rules Relating to the Practising of the Para-Veterinary Profession of Laboratory Animal Technologist
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

It is hereby made known for general information that—
(a)          the South African Veterinary Council has under section 30 (1) of the Veterinary and Para-Veterinary Professions Act, 1982 (Act No. 19 of 1982), made the rules relating to the practising of the para-veterinary profession of laboratory animal technologist as set out in the Schedule; and
(b)          the Minister of Agriculture has under section 30 (3) of the said Act approved the rules concerned.
H. KRUGER
Registrar: South African Veterinary Council
SCHEDULE
ARRANGEMENT OF REGULATIONS

 

 

1.

Definitions

SERVICES THAT PERTAIN TO THE PROFESSION OF LABORATORY ANIMAL TECHNOLOGIST

 

 

2.

General services

3.

Execution of general services

4.

Special services

5.

Execution of special services

6.

Course of conduct for persons practising the profession

1.   Definitions.—Any word or expression in this Schedule to which a meaning has been assigned in the Act shall have that meaning, and—
“animal experiment” means any procedure whereby an animal is used in experiments for the purposes contemplated in rule 4.12;
“experimental animal” means non-human vertebrates and non-human vertebrate foetuses which are bred or acquired for the sole purpose of using it as an animal experiment;
“the Act” means the Veterinary and Para-Veterinary Professions Act, 1982 (Act No. 19 of 1982); and
“the profession” means the para-veterinary profession of laboratory animal technologist.
SERVICES THAT PERTAIN TO THE PROFESSION OF LABORATORY ANIMAL TECHNOLOGIST
2.   General services.—For purposes of the Act the following services shall be deemed to be general services which pertain to the para-veterinary profession of laboratory animal technologist:
2.1         Care of experimental animals;
2.2         oral and parenteral administration and administration by inhalation of scheduled and experimental substances;
2.3         administration of scheduled substances for anaesthesia and euthanasia;
2.4         collection of body fluids including blood, urine by free flow and ascites, and the collection of tissues including smears, faeces, post mortal samples and bacterial swabs for diagnostic and experimental purposes;
2.5         clinical observation;
2.6         preparation of animals for surgery;
2.7         monitoring of animals before, during and after an operation;
2.8         performance of minor surgical procedures such as lancing of abscesses and suturing of superficial wounds:
2.9         assisting with experimental surgical procedures;
2.10       use of the tranquilliser dart gun and blow pipe;
2.11       capture of wild animals for the purpose of research;
2.12       transportation of experimental animals;
2.13       training and examination of trainee laboratory animal technologists; and
2.14       teaching of students or researchers who require training in any specific aspect of laboratory animal technology.

3.   Execution of general services.
3.1         The services referred to in rule 2 shall—
(a)          be carried out under the supervision of a veterinary or medical practitioner; and
(b)          be performed on experimental animals only.
3.2         Rule 2 shall not be construed in a manner so as to prohibit—
(a)          a veterinarian or a veterinary specialist from performing the services referred to in rule 2; and
(b)          other para-veterinarians from performing procedures as set out for their profession.
4.   Special services.—For purposes of the Act the following services shall be deemed to be special services which pertain to the para-veterinary profession of laboratory animal technologist:
4.1         Daily general care of laboratory animals;
4.2         management of various breeding programmes;
4.3         production of specified pathogen free animals;
4.4         use and management of specialised animal house equipment;
4.5         maintaining and monitoring of animal house environment;
4.6         control of sanitation of hygiene in the animal house;
4.7         sterilisation and disinfection of the animal house and animal house equipment;
4.8         supervision over the feeding of experimental animals including the preparation of feed for special diets;
4.9         biohazard containment in the animal house including endogenous and exogenous containment;
4            .10       general supervision, administration and use of laboratory animal facilities; and
4.11       conducting of experiments with experimental animals for any of the following purposes:
(a)          The advancement of knowledge;
(b)          to test a hypothesis;
(c)          to supply a product;
(d)          to provide organs, tissues or sera;
(e)          to act as a host;
( f )         to impart or demonstrate existing knowledge;
(g)          to learn or teach surgical and other techniques;
(h)          to comply with statutory requirements for testing or collecting data on any substance or product; and
(i)           to make audio-visual recordings of any of the above.
5.   Execution of special services.
5.1         The services referred to in rule 4 shall be performed on experimental animals only.
5.2         Rule 4 shall not be construed in a manner so as to prohibit—
(a)          veterinarian or a veterinarian specialist from performing the services referred to in rule 4; and
(b)          other para-veterinarians from performing procedures as set out for their profession.
6.   Course of conduct for persons practising the profession.
6.1         A person who practices the para-veterinary profession of laboratory animal technologist shall base his or her personal and professional conduct thereon that—
(a)          he or she is a member of a learned and honourable profession who is required to act at all times in a manner that shall maintain and promote the prestige, honour, dignity and interests of the profession and of the persons by whom it is practised;
(b)          he or she is morally obliged to serve the public to the best of his or her ability by maintaining at all times the highest standards of humane care of laboratory animals and professional conduct;
(c)          he or she shall not seek any personal advantage at the expense of any colleague in the profession; and
(d)          he or she shall not permit himself or herself to be exploited in a manner which may be detrimental to an animal, a researcher, the public or the profession.
6.2         A laboratory animal technologist shall—
(a)          execute the instructions of a veterinarian discerningly and faithfully;
(b)          refuse to take part in any unethical behaviour or procedure;
(c)          keep himself or herself informed of all the statutes and statutory provisions which affect him or her in the practising of the profession;
(d)          be familiar with the ethical rules pertaining to the profession of laboratory animal technology and shall promote these rules at all times;
(e)          treat any information acquired during the course of his or her employment as strictly confidential and shall not divulge such information to any person except his or her employer;
( f )         refrain from expressing any criticism in public through which the reputation, status or practice of a colleague in the profession is or could be undermined or injured, or through which a reflection is or could be cast on the probity, skill, methods or conduct of such a colleague; and
(g)          at all times keep detailed and accurate records of all information and experiments              and which shall be kept on file for at least five years.
6.3         All persons practising as laboratory animal technologists work for the same good cause and they shall therefore co-operate with each other and the authorities concerned to promote that cause.
6.4         The place at or from which a person practices as a laboratory animal technologist shall comply with the applicable minimum standards for experimental animals as determined by the Council from time to time.
6.5         When advertising of any nature is undertaken, a laboratory animal technologist must be aware of public opinion and of any possible implications which may prove detrimental to the profession of laboratory animal technology.
6.6         The fundamental responsibility of a laboratory animal technologist is to provide optimal and exemplary standards of humane animal care to experimental animals at all times.


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Links to African Council websites

Veterinary Statutory Bodies in Africa
http://www.rr-africa.oie.int/en/RC/en_vsbs.html

Veterinary Council of Namibia
http://www.van.org.na/section.php?secid=10

Veterinary Council of Zimbabwe (department of livestock and veterinary services)
http://www.dlvs.gov.zw/

Kenya Veterinary Board
http://kenyavetboard.org/

Veterinary Council of Tanzania
http://www.mifugouvuvi.go.tz/vertinary-council-of-tanzania/

Botswana Veterinary Association
http://www.bva.org.bw/bva_content.php?id=2

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