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PLEASE COPY AND  E-MAIL  OR FAX THE FEES SURVEY TO THE SAVC BEFORE THE END OF JANUARY 2009                                                      
South African Veterinary Council

The President

Vaccination of puppies, 2008-06-07  

The Council objectives:

(e) to encourage and promote efficiency in and responsibility with regard to the practice of the veterinary professions;

(f) to protect the interests of the veterinary professions and to deal with any matter relating to such interests;

(g) to maintain and enhance the prestige, status and dignity of the veterinary professions; and

(h) to advise the Minister in relation to any matter effecting a veterinary profession and the success with the ban on tail dockings urges me to approach Council.

A future scenario is that veterinarians will not be involved with most vaccinations of puppies (and kittens) with the development of new generation vaccines, unless they enhance their role, e.g. by promoting themselves as an independent party to a transaction that entails a change of ownership, increasing the value of the veterinary vaccination certificate and vouching for disease in the immediate period after sale. I am committed to reduce the suffering of companion animals and place a proposal before you with a request that you work for the proposed amendment to the Animals Protection Act s 2 (r) (or any other act that you and your legal advisors are convinced is better, for instance a consumer act).

The proposal is set out in detail under the title:

Legislation to empower buyers of puppies and to reduce suffering by puppies.

I later added explanations to the proposal to lobby other veterinarians under the titles:

Praktiese gevolge. “Practical Implications”

Reduce suffering by increasing the value of pets.

Increasing the value of pets

Would you give your serious consideration,

Dr. Douw G. van der Nest

LEGISLATION TO EMPOWER BUYERS OF PUPPIES AND TO REDUCE SUFFERING BY PUPPIES.

The unnecessary suffering of many puppies, as well as the grief of pet owners and their children can be reduced and is my motivation to ask your action. Puppies suffer severely before dying of distemper and catflu, the most important causes of death amongst dogs, and most of these deaths are in dogs that fall ill just after sale.

Puppies with catflu that receive intravenous fluids for 5 days in hospital at an astronomical cost endure an intense suffering before recovery, while some of them experience a lingering death despite the best treatment. The suffering by less privileged companion animals is even more.

The importance of vaccinating the dam.

The different organ systems of a puppy complete development at different ages:

At two weeks the nervous system as the eyes and ears open, at weaning the intestinal tract, at twelve weeks the immune system and at puberty the reproductive system.

When the immune system is fully developed a couple of weeks after birth, own antibodies can be formed after exposure or preferably after vaccination. But before that time, a puppy is vulnerable, unless it receives maternal antibodies from the dam, mainly via the colostrum to protect it against diseases, some of which is life threatening. The chances for protection of the puppies during the first 9 to 20 weeks of life by transferred maternal antibodies is significantly better if the dam of the pups has high levels of antibodies herself. Therefore is it essential that a dam be regularly vaccinated, especially during the twelve months that precedes partus.

The importance of the first vaccination of the puppy as the level of the maternal antibodies drops.

The level of maternal antibodies in a puppy is dependant on the amount received and the decay.

The amount of maternal antibodies received is dependent on:

- the level of antibodies of the dam,

- the volume colostrum received - some dogs get nothing, e.g. if the dam dies during partus or if she has milkfever before or during partus, while

- the runts of litters get less than their littermates and

- absorption of suckled maternal antibodies: the intestinal tract must not be “ sealed “ by the feeding of a milk mixture (to prevent dehydration and hypoglycemia during an extended partus or during the recovery period after a Caesarean section), before suckling colostrum.

The rate of decay of the maternal antibodies varies in different dog breeds and varies for antibodies against the antigens of different diseases.

Puppies get susceptible to diseases as the level of maternal antibodies drop. The result is that different dog breeds get susceptible at different ages and that a dog gets susceptible to different diseases at different times.

In summary, puppies become susceptible at different ages to different diseases depending on the amount of antibodies received from the dam and the rate of decay of the maternal antibodies, which varies depending on the disease and the breed of dog. As the level of maternal antibodies against a certain disease lowers, then a vaccination is needed to stimulate the puppy’s own immune system for the production of own antibodies without getting ill.

The breeder, whom is mostly the seller, is obliged to care.

It is better that the breeder takes the puppies for their first vaccination as the breeder can best supply information to the veterinarian regarding the dams vaccination history, the suckling of colostrum, the suckling of colostrum before “sealing” of the intestinal tract and the incidence of diseases. With the information a veterinarian can work out the most optimal vaccination program for the individual puppy. The veterinarian must stimulate the immature immune system at the most optimal age and for antibody production against only the imperative diseases, because the vaccination against less critical diseases will divide the “ attention “ of the immune system. Examples of choices regarding the inclusion of antigens at the first vaccination are inter alia: vaccination with only measles virus in Rottweilerpups, if the dam has been thoroughly vaccinated and the inclusion of corona virus in case of enteritis epidemics. Examples when even the “ attention “ of the fully developed or adult immune system is divided to much or put differently, when the capacity of the immune system is exceeded (with a weaker acquired immunity resulting), are vaccinating with all the strains of the horsesicknessvirus or bluetonguevirus at the same time.

The point that needed to be stressed is that the breeder must have the puppies vaccinated to increase the survival rate of sold puppies, because:

-         the breeder can supply useful information at vaccination to plan an optimal vaccination program with regard to the timing of the vaccination and the diseases against which to vaccinate and

-         the puppies are in the possession of the breeder at that age.

Sellers of puppies can reduce the incidence of distemper and catflu in puppies significantly by:

- Regular vaccinations of the dam and especially vaccinating her during the twelve months preceding pregnancy, so that the maternal antibodies can protect the puppies during the first 9 to 20 weeks of their lives and

- The first vaccination of the puppies before 8 weeks of age.

The buyer of a puppy is surrendered for the first few weeks to the actions or negligence of the seller. In the case of a negligent seller, the earliest protection that the buyer can obtain for the puppy by immediately vaccinating the puppy after getting possession is two weeks after the vaccination.

Legislation can bring about an enormous improvement and everybody, i.e. the dogs, buyers, veterinarians, dog breeder’s associations and good breeders will gain. The only losers are the cruel breeders that do not love dogs, but money. They are too lazy to work and want to make money out of animals. Costs are cut to the bone and their selling prices are on par with the prices of the good breeders. The increased profit is not justifiable in the light of the greater risk for dogs and buyers.

Suggested solution.

Would you include a section in the law that reads as follow:

“ A seller of a puppy, for money or any other value, is liable and accountable for any veterinary costs for the diagnosis and treatment of distemper or catflu and for the replacement value in case of death due to distemper or catflu, if the distemper or catflu is diagnosed to be incubating or raging with observable clinical disease during the three week period after sale, unless the seller gives proof at sale by way of a veterinary certificate that the dam has been vaccinated during the twelve months preceding partus and that the puppy received its first vaccination before 8 weeks of age and if the puppy is sold after 9 weeks of age and before 7 months of age, that the puppy received prescribed follow-up vaccinations punctually while in the possession of the seller.“

A legal advisor formulated the proposed section as follow:

“ 1.    Liability and accountability of a Seller towards the new Owner:

1.1.A Seller will be liable and accountable towards a new Owner with regard the following:

a)       any veterinary cost for the diagnosis and treatment of distemper and catflu, if the distemper or catflu is diagnosed to be incubating or raging with observable clinical disease during the three week period after sale and/or

b)       the replacement value of the animal if it dies from one of (a) above-mentioned diseases.

1.2.The Seller will be exempt of liability and accountability if the Seller gives prove at sale by way of a veterinary certificate that:

a)      the dam has been vaccinated during the twelve months preceding partus and

b)      the puppy received its first vaccination before 8 weeks of age and

c)      if the puppy is sold after 9 weeks of age and before 7 months of age, the puppy received prescribed follow-up vaccinations punctually while in the possession of the seller.”

It might be necessary to include the following definitions in the law:

-         a seller is any person that supply a puppy to another person for money or any other value

-         a new owner includes persons that buy a puppy for money or any other value

-         distemper is a disease caused by an infection with distemper virus

-         catflu is a disease caused by an infection with parvovirus.

The seller will be liable and accountable in accordance with such a section, unless reasonable preventative actions were taken by the seller to take care of his responsibility towards the buyer. In other words, a seller that gives proof of vaccinations at sale cannot be held liable and accountable even if a puppy falls ill. Some puppies might still fall ill, but if the seller has taken all actions that a reasonable person can, then the seller cannot be held responsible.

Practical documentary evidence is a legal veterinary vaccination certificate as required by act 19 of 1982. The purpose of legal veterinary vaccination certificates at the moment is proof of vaccination of:

a) the dam of a puppy that is being sold,

b) a puppy being sold,

c) a dog participating in a show or competition,

d) a dog attending training and

c) rabies.

The section will empower the consumer or rather the buyer of a puppy to make a case with the support of his lawyer against a negligent seller. Even more, it will not only create an opportunity of a remedy and recourse through the court, but the sanction as spelled out in the section make the settlement out of court a possibility. Only a few cases where a seller was negligent and a dog infected with distemper or catflu can create a new culture amongst sellers.

Explanation of specific points.

A dog can contract either distemper or catflu, but sometimes both at the same time. Is “or” or  “and” correct between the two words in the different sentences?

The idea of the words: for money or any other value is to include people who give a puppy to an employee in lieu of money, disguise payment as a donation, etc.

The reason for keeping the responsibility for three weeks after sale (a verifiable time) with the seller is the causal relationship between the actions or negligence of the seller and the incidence of distemper and catflu during the three weeks:

1) Sellers of puppies can reduce the incidence of distemper and catflu in puppies during the three weeks after sale significantly by:

Regular vaccinations of the dam and especially vaccinating her during the twelve months preceding pregnancy, so that the maternal antibodies can protect the puppies during the first 9 to 20 weeks of their lives and

The first vaccination of the puppies before 8 weeks of age.

2) Sellers can deliver an incubating sick puppy, which might only show clinical signs 18 days after sale. (The incubation period, the time from exposure to the observance of clinical signs is 14 to 18 days for distemper and 6 days for catflu).

Most first vaccinations are administered at 6 weeks of age, but in some instances another age is more optimal. When the puppy might have received no or little maternal antibodies (as explained above) an earlier vaccination is recommended and in some instances, for example when a Rottweiler dam has been thoroughly vaccinated, it might be advantageous to the offspring if their first vaccination is administered only at 8 weeks of age. These different possibilities are accommodated, by legislating for the first vaccination before 8 weeks of age.

The norm is that puppies are sold at 6 weeks of age, i.e. after the first vaccination. Some is sold at 9 weeks of age for better socialization before separation from the dam and siblings, also after the first vaccination. Possibly all vaccination programs prescribe a second vaccination at 9 weeks of age which increases the protection dramatically. The optimal protection of the puppy is continued if a seller keeps the puppy in possession after the age of 9 weeks by punctually vaccinating the puppy as prescribed for a second time. The phrase: “if the puppy is sold after 9 weeks of age and before 7 months of age, the puppy received prescribed follow-up vaccinations punctually while in the possession of the seller.” prevents sellers to circumvent responsibility.

Legislation of other countries.

I understand that such legislation exists in other countries, but we in South Africa can create our own legislation. In the “ Code of recommendations and minimum standards for the sale of companion animals” of the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries of New Zealand you will note on p. 14 that: “ Animals should be vaccinated prior to sale.” We can write it better and include a sanction, namely that the seller is liable and accountable for veterinary costs and replacement value with the result that fewer cases will have to go to court and for better protection of the poor.

Praktiese gevolge / practical implications

'n Amendament in die wet sal van ontskatbare waarde wees vir almal, onder andere vir nuwe generasies troeteldier-eienaars. 'n Belangrike lewenswaarde word gekoester, nl. die kosbaarheid van lewe, ook die lewe van geselskapsdiere. Die teenpool as ons die amendament nie deurvoer nie, is:

'n Dogtertjie huil oor haar nuwe hondjie wat dood is vanwee katgriep 2 weke na aankope en haar ouers vervang inderhaas die hondjie. Die lessie is beslis nie dat lewe kosbaar is nie.    

Die goeie teler./ The good breeder

'n Hondjie word gekoop op 6 weke oud en tydens die transaksie:

- toon die teler die veterinere inentingsertifikaat van die moederhond aan die koper wat aantoon dat die moederhond ingeent is en

- oorhandig die teler die veterinere inentingsertifikaat van die hondjie wat aantoon dat die hondjie ingeent is.

Die hondjie sterf twee weke na die transaksie van parvovirus-infeksie, maar die koper het geen eis teen die verkoper van die hondjie nie, aangesien die teler as redelike persoon alles menslik moontlik gedoen het om parvovirus-infeksie te voorkom.

Die swak teler./ The poor breeder

'n Hondjie word gekoop op 6 weke oud en tydens die transaksie:

- toon die teler nie die veterinere inentingsertifikaat van die moederhond aan die koper wat aantoon dat die moederhond ingeent is of

- oorhandig die teler nie die veterinere inentingsertifikaat van die hondjie wat aantoon dat die hondjie ingeent is.

Die hondjie sterf twee weke na die transaksie van parvovirus-infeksie. Die koper het 'n eis teen die verkoper.

Die koper nader sy prokureur en maak 'n saak teen die verkoper. Sommige kopers sal 'n saak maak om hulle geld te wil verhaal, maar baie kopers sal in die belang van diere 'n saak maak, aangesien baie mense emosioneel geraak is as hul en hul kinders se hondjie sterf. Die koper se prokureur sal die diagnose van die veearts as bewys aanvoer. Die bewys is in die vorm van die veearts se veterinere sertifikaat en/of beedigde verklaring. Die bewys sal onderskraag wees as parvovirus-infeksie bevestig word deur 'n laboratorium- of histopatologie-verslag. (Die veearts lewer die dienste teen 'n fooi.) Die verkoper skik deur die veterinere koste en die vervangingskoste, sowel as die prokureurskoste te betaal. As die koper nie wil skik nie, gaan die saak na die hof. Die veearts mag geroep word as kundige getuie om 'n diagnose uit te spreek. Die pers mag verslag doen oor die saak. Tien uitsprake ten gunste van kopers, sal veroorsaak dat meeste sake daarna in die toekoms geskik word sonder die betrokkenheid van 'n prokureur, aangesien die wet die sanksie uitspel, d.i. die wet stel dit duidelik dat die verkoper die veterinere koste en die vervangingskoste moet betaal. 'n Nuwe kultuur sal ontstaan. Geen afdwinging is nodig deur die SANPD, DBV of KUSA nie, aangesien die sake nie kriminele sake behoort te wees nie, maar siviele sake.
Reduce suffering by increasing the value of pets.

People must have compassion towards all animals and value their pets. A minority of people values their pets so much that they view them as companion animals.

Most vets differ from most other people in that they value animals highly (and thus value their services highly as well).

Certain people do not attach much emotional value to their pets and do not regard them as companion animals. A starting point to influence their attitude and behaviour is to increase the economical value of pets.

An example of the different views people have about dogs is John Farmer whose boerbulls are only watchdogs. John always has 5 dogs on the farm: every year five puppies are born and 5 older dogs die; (bear in mind that it is the normal cycle of life that plays itself out on all farms with regard to animals). John gives all pale dogs a shot of phenamidine. The non-responders with “woeste borsluiskoors” (ehrliciosis is unknown to John) might even get a follow-up shot. It makes John’s day to point one of the dogs out to a visiting vet and say: “ Sien jy daardie hond? Hy was nog nooit by ‘n veearts nie.” During the 1994 transition, i.e. at the height of the farm attacks, he and some other farmers found that young guard dogs were not as reliable and decided to do the unusual. They took their ill guard dogs to a pet vet to ensure that some guard dogs survive to become experienced guard dogs. But those are forgotten days.

John’s son, Maplotter Farmer is working in the city and striving towards his dreams on a smallholding. He is going to get rich as a breeder and inherit half the farm.

John’s other son, Butch Farmer is a suburban South African and his new neighbour is A.N.C. Farmer. They are potential clients of a pet vet. His guard dog cross children’s pet (comparable to a multi-purpose vehicle: 4 x 4 bakkie cross sportscar), called Scramble, gets placed on the pet vet consultation table, after it has fallen ill with “gatgriep” at 8 weeks of age, it is 2 weeks after being bought. The decision is between hospitalisation for 4 days at R 1 600 or euthanasia. The deciding factor is the price that was paid to acquire Scramble and the price to acquire a Scramble II. The price of a dog features twice in the formula. The eyes of his children and wife are fixed on Butch, while his brain is inconspicuously in overdrive to do a few calculations. If we had helped to increase the price of acquiring dogs, it will be easy for Butch to step to the fore as the hero in the story and ask the vet very politely to do everything possible for Scramble. The next generation, family and friends will hear about Butch's love for companion animals. An increase in economical value of pets will have created an opportunity for the hero to experience a new feeling towards companion animals; he now senses the emotional value. The ripple effect will inspire many others in a myriad of ways to follow the hero. The ripple effect will mainly benefit animals, but also good breeders and veterinarians.

The new neighbour, A.N.C. Farmer need not experience this phase, if we increase the value.

The punch line: Reduce the suffering by increasing the economical value of pets and thereby increasing the emotional value of companion animals.

Increasing the value of pets.

The most important way to increase the economical value is to increase the price to acquire a pet. Legislate that the seller of a puppy has to prove at sale with a veterinary vaccination

certificate that the dam has been vaccinated in the year before whelping and that the puppy has been vaccinated before 8 weeks of age. I have put my detailed proposal to amend animal welfare legislation (that resorted under the Department of Justice) in a document under the title: “Legislation to empower buyers of puppies and to reduce suffering by puppies”. Good breeders already do exactly what is proposed. Unscrupulous breeders and puppy farmers, who haven’t vaccinated, pretend to have vaccinated or have vaccinated the puppies themselves charge the same price for puppies as the good breeder and make a bigger profit at the cost of puppies suffering. A veterinarian issuing a veterinary vaccination certificate acts as a third party to a sale transaction of a pet and reduces suffering by:

a)      decreasing the incidence of distemper and catflu in dogs and

b)      increasing the price of acquisition.

Legislation must also be passed to reduce suffering in cats with regard to snuffles (caused by FHV I, calicivirus and clamydia) and feline leukaemia caused by FeLV. Clients are devastated after buying a pedigree kitten with snuffles, especially after receiving a pathology report (a week or two after acquiring a kitten) stating that the FeLV infection is in the fifth stage of development and that the kitten has a 2 – 3 year life expectancy. The breeders are aggressive in their response towards the buyers. The breeders with multiple queens are not interested to make the financial sacrifice to rid their catteries of snuffles and FeLV. The majority of catteries harbour these diseases and vets are not involving themselves.

Suffering can be reduced by the stroke of a pen in parliament. The involvement of an independent party that certifies vaccination as proof of vaccination will reduce suffering. Only a few veterinarians will need to supply proof of infection by means of laboratory tests and histopathology as evidence in a couple of cases where the seller did not act as a reasonable person to cultivate a new culture amongst sellers of pets.

Please comment on matters under discussion

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2008/09 PLEASE COPY AND This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. OR FAX (012) 342 4354

THE FEES SURVEY TO THE SAVC BEFORE THE END OF JANUARY 2009

1. Is your practice situated in a low, medium, high or mixed income area

Low Income

Medium Income

High Income

Mixed Income

2. If your practice is in a mixed income area do you have different fee structures? YES / NO

3. If, YES, how do you charge out for various groups?

4. Do you use the SAVC Guideline of Tariffs in setting your fees, or your unique practice and its costs or a combination?

Use Guidelines

Unique practice and own costs

Combination

5. How long have you been in practice?

0 > 5 years

5 > 10 years

10 > 20 years

20 > 30 years

30 > 40 years

40 + years

6. Does this influence your pricing?    YES  /  NO

7. Is your practice Mixed, Production Animals, Companion Animals, Equine or other?

Mixed

Production

Companion

Equine

Other: Specify

8. Would you consider the standard of your facility as below average, average or above average?

Below average

Average

Above average

9. Do you give your clients a written estimate before carrying out procedures? YES / NO

10. Do you take the affordability into account when charging clients with varying abilities to pay? YES /NO

11. Do you often use time related fee charging in your practice YES /NO

12. If applicable how do you arrive at your Travelling fee charged to clients

13. Are there any comments you want to make on the Current Fees Guideline as published by the S.A.V.C


Specific Fees charged. Please fill in where applicable

Procedure

Fee Range

Average

Comments

Consultation

Companion Animal

Consultation

Production Animal

Consultation

Equine

Professional Time

Per hour

Surgical Time

Per hour

Annual Vaccination

Small Animals

Blood Slide Exam

Caesarean Section

Cattle

Caesarean Section

Bitch -all in fee

Cruciate Repair

All in fee

Dental Prophylaxis

ex anaesthesia

Ear clean

Femur Pinning

Surgery alone

General anaesthesia

with intubation

General anaesthesia maintenance

Oophorectomy

Canine

Oophorectomy

Feline

Rumenotomy

Cattle

Setting up and admin of  fluids

Spinal Surgery

Surgery alone

Travelling fee

Per km

Ultrasound Scan

Reproductive

Production Animals

Ultrasound Scanning Abdomen

Urine analysis

Pricing structure for medicines

HOW TO LODGE A COMPLAINT

Before you submit a formal complaint it is recommended that you approach the veterinarian / para veterinary professional and discuss the matter which has made you unhappy.  Thereafter, should you still not be satisfied a formal complaint can be submitted to the Council for investigation into the professional conduct of the veterinarian / para veterinary professional which will be conducted by the Investigation Committee.

Please ensure that any outstanding account has been settled with the veterinarian before submitting the complaint for investigation.  Should the veterinarian institute legal action for payment of your account the Council will suspend its investigation until finalisation of the legal action.

Kindly note that in terms of rule 34 a complaint must be submitted in writing, preferably typewritten, in the form of an affidavit.

On receipt of a complaint form (click here) together with an affidavit (click here for an example) signed before a commissioner of oaths a formal complaint will be registered. Please note that even if you fax or e-mail the documents we will still need the originals.

The veterinarian /  para veterinary professional against whom you have lodged a complaint will receive a copy of your affidavit and will be requested to respond thereto within a period of 60 days after our request.

On receipt of the veterinarian’s / para veterinary professional’s response you will receive a copy thereof and afforded the opportunity to comment thereon. Thereafter your complaint and the responses will be submitted to an Investigation Committee for a preliminary investigation. The Investigation Committee meets five times a year. (These meeting dates are found under ’About Us’)

Should the Investigation Committee be of the opinion that the veterinarian's / para veterinary professional’s conduct needs to be investigated a formal inquiry will be scheduled. You and the veterinarian / para veterinary professional will then be given the opportunity to give evidence under oath in person at the inquiry and all witnesses are subjected to cross-examination.

If a matter is referred to a formal inquiry it is usually finalised within a period of 12 months from receipt of the complaint documentation.



Competence specific (Restricted) Registration Veterinarians

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No applications will be processed without proof of payment of the application fee. Applicants please read the policy guidelines and obtain support from your employer

Click here to download application form

Purpose

The main purpose of competence specific or restricted registration is to facilitate veterinarians with specific skills and competence - including veterinarians with physical disabilities, foreign applicants and veterinarians whose registration has lapsed – to register as veterinarians in South Africa

The veterinary profession has evolved into a complex group of specialized activities e.g. production animal practice, veterinary public and environmental health, wildlife, state veterinary practice, and companion animal practice, wherein veterinarians may limit their scope of practice and make outstanding contributions to the veterinary profession in these specific areas.

Consideration of competence specific registration is necessary due to the shortages of veterinarians in South Africa and the difficulties experienced to recruit veterinarians locally in some areas of specific expertise or competence.
General

Definitions:

Area of Competence:- The specific veterinary discipline, area of speciality or field of expertise in which a veterinarian is competent, or specialised.

Competence specific registration: - The registration by the South African Veterinary Council (SAVC) of veterinarians with specific skills and competence, to work in their chosen area of competence, without having to complete all the aspects of the standard Council Examination.

Competence specific registration is applicable only to persons that have successfully completed a veterinary degree which is not recognised by the SAVC for registration purposes, and to South African veterinarians whose registration with the SAVC has lapsed for a period of time, making it necessary to reapply for registration. Specialist registration is included in this concept.

Applications will be considered from suitable candidates according to the conditions and guidelines described in this document.

Where needed provisions of the Veterinary and Para-Veterinary Professions Act, 1982 may need to be changed
Provisional categories

The SAVC has provisionally accepted competence specific registration for veterinarians within academia, research and laboratory diagnostic services, as well as for veterinarians with physical disabilities that make sitting the standard full SAVCl examination impractical.
Conditions

Except for veterinarians with physical disabilities, all other competence specific registrations (in academia, research or laboratory diagnostic services) will be restricted to a specific employer. In the case of a foreign applicant, the employer must provide adequate motivation for the need and evidence that no suitably qualified veterinarian registered by SAVC could be recruited for the particular position.

There must be a well-defined and controlled scope of veterinary practice within the employing institution.

The applicant must provide evidence of sustained excellence in his/her chosen area of competence. Competence specific registration will not be considered under conditions where the good standing of the veterinary profession could be harmed.

The level of evaluation should be comprehensive in relation to the veterinarian’s area of competence.

Registration will be limited to the area of competence. Any veterinary procedure not covered in the scope of practice relevant to the competence specific registration may only be done by additional authorisation

Persons with competence specific registration will be required to conform to the compulsory CPD requirements of the SAVC.
Guidelines

The Registration and Authorisation Committee of the SAVC will consider each case on merit, and the applicant needs to provide sufficient evidence of competence for approval by the SAVC.

No specialist registration will be granted without input by the Specialist Committee of the SAVC

Application for Competence specific registration shall include:
An authentic certificate of the applicant’s veterinary qualification(s)
Letter of good standing from the previous registration authority
Well-defined description of the area of competence and scope of practice/ employment sought
Motivation by the employer that the specific qualifications and experience of the applicant are acceptable for the intended scope of practice/ employment and where appropriate a waiver for the need of an examination may be requested.

· Description of additional training to be undertaken to provide for local requirements, if required
Where applicable, an application to sit a SAVC Examination shall be made. This will need to cover extensively the area(s) of competence or expertise relevant to the intended scope of practice or specialist area applicable to the applicant. A request with appropriate motivation is required for all subjects and/ or material that should be excluded from the examination.


Examples for exclusion are:

· '’Species specialists’ may apply to be exempted from medicine and surgery of other species e.g. ‘Equine specialist’ may be excluded from small animals, production animals, wildlife and exotic species medicine and surgery

· a veterinarian with special competence in pathology, microbiology, pharmacology or veterinary public health, etc. may apply to be exempted from e.g. surgery.

No applicant will be exempted from Veterinary Jurisprudence: an examination that includes the legislation relevant to the veterinary and para-veterinary professions shall always be a requirement for competence specific registration

If there is sufficient motivation that both or either of the undergraduate or postgraduate qualifications is acceptable for the intended field of activity/scope of practice, general examination will be not required and competence specific registration as veterinarian and as specialist, if appropriate, will be granted, with only an evaluation of Veterinary Jurisprudence required for foreign applicants.

Competence specific registration so granted will be:

Permanent, subject to compliance with the conditions of the registration

Subject to payment of standard registration fee and annual maintenance fees to the SAVC

Recorded as being restricted to the indicated scope of practice.

Scripts and certificates may be issued in line with the scope of the competence specific registration.

When new employment is sought:

An application needs to be resubmitted as before

SAVC’s register will be adjusted accordingly if approved
Examination

Unless the need for an examination has been waived, all the following applicants will need to successfully complete a restricted SAVC examination in which certain subjects or procedures may be excluded - as approved by the SAVC - to qualify for competence specific registration:
Foreign veterinary graduates whose undergraduate qualifications do not currently entitle them to automatic registration as a veterinarian;

· Foreign veterinary graduates who, through holding postgraduate South African veterinary qualifications that would normally have lead to specialist registration (e.g. MMedVet), have undergraduate veterinary qualifications that do not currently entitle them to automatic registration as a veterinarian;
Foreign veterinary postgraduates whose qualifications do not currently entitle them to automatic registration as a veterinarian

Standard SAVC examination conditions and procedures will apply except for the waiver of certain subjects.

Standard examination fees will also apply, even if some subjects are omitted. Where only Veterinary jurisprudence is evaluated, the SAVC may consider a reduced examination fee.
Academia
Conditions

The registration will be limited to teaching, clinical services and research within the veterinarian’s area of competence for a specific employer

It is important that the need to train veterinary specialists or veterinarians with specific areas of competence within the academic institution not be circumvented through the granting of competence specific registration.
Guidelines

Application for competence specific registration shall include description of:

· Academic speciality or discipline and modules to be taught

· Associated clinical work that would be expected from applicant

· Field of research that the applicant will be involved with, with specific reference to areas that require clinical veterinary practice/ procedures

Registration so granted will be:

Recorded as being restricted to:
Academic post
Specific scope of practice associated with the post, i.e. teaching, service rendering, and research
Specific employer
Research and Laboratory diagnostic Services
Conditions

The registration will be restricted to research/laboratory diagnostic work in the veterinarian’s area of competence

The employer must subscribe to Good Laboratory Practice and subscribe to the relevant Codes
Guidelines

Application shall include as motivation:
Detailed job description
Description of associated clinical work that may be expected from the applicant

· Field of research that the applicant will be involved with, with specific reference to areas which fall within the scope of clinical veterinary practice/ procedures
A description by the employer of any additional restrictions that will apply

Registration so granted will be:

Recorded as being restricted to:

· research/ laboratory diagnostic work in area of competence

· Specific scope of practice

· Specific employer

Physical disabilities
Conditions

This will apply to veterinarians whose registration has lapsed and who have become disabled, and to foreign veterinary candidates with disabilities who want to work in South Africa , and who may be physically unable to complete the full Council examination

Veterinarians with competence specific registration due to physical disabilities may practice as self-employed professionals in their specific designated area of competence

The candidate would need to provide evidence to the SAVC of a permanent medical disability, preventing practical examination of certain procedures and making the examination of certain subjects superfluous.

Candidate must provide evidence to the SAVC that an adequate monitoring system can be provided to ensure compliance with the provisions relevant to the imposed restrictions on registration and that the standard of care of patients will not be compromised

The applicant must provide evidence of sustained excellence in his chosen area of competence

The Registration will be restricted to the scope of practice applied for.
Guidelines
Application for competence specific shall registration include as motivation
Evidence of a permanent medical disability
Previous track record
Well-defined description of the intended scope of practice, specifically the range of work that the applicant will be able to do;
Conditions or circumstance that prevent the examination of certain subjects or practice
The commitment by a registered veterinarian(s) willing and able to take responsibility for monitoring the compliance of the provisions of the competence specific registration

Veterinarians and Veterinary Specialists previously registered with the SAVC who have become disabled, or foreign veterinary candidates with disabilities, from countries who qualify for registration with the SAVC, can apply for exemption of the SAVC examination for competence specific registration.

Where examination is needed, the standard conditions apply, only with the waiver of certain subjects and procedures as described above.

Registration so granted will be

Recorded as being restricted to a specified scope of practice due to the specified disability

Candidate will be afforded the right to practise in his registered field of activity



South African Veterinary Council

Competence Specific (Restricted) Registration (CSR) for Veterinary Nurses.

Click here to download application form

Purpose:

The main purpose of CSR is to facilitate veterinary nurses with specialised training, veterinary nurses with physical disabilities, foreign applicants and veterinary nurses whose registration has lapsed, to register as Veterinary Nurses in South Africa.

Consideration of CSR is necessary due to the shortage of Veterinary Nurses in South Africa .

Definitions:

Area of Competence: - The specific discipline, area or field of expertise in which an applicant who is performing the duties of a veterinary nurse, is competent.

Competence specific registration (CSR) : - The registration by the South African Veterinary Council (SAVC) of veterinary nursing professionals with specific skills and competence, to work in their chosen area of competence, without having to complete all the aspects of the standard Council Examination. CSR provides for a career path within the scope of work of a particular employer.

CSR is applicable to persons that have successfully completed a para-veterinary degree/diploma or acceptable equivalent qualification or technical training in nursing, which is not recognised by the SAVC for automatic registration purposes, to veterinary nurses whose registration with the SAVC has lapsed for a period of time, and to veterinary nurses with physical disabilities.

Applications will be considered from suitable candidates according to the conditions and guidelines described in this document.

The Registration and Authorisation committee of the SAVC will consider each case on merit and the applicant needs to provide sufficient evidence of competence for approval by the SAVC. Where needed provisions of the Veterinary and Para -Veterinary Professions Act of 1982 may need to be changed.

Conditions:
CSR will be restricted to a specific employer;
The employer must provide adequate motivation for the need and evidence that no suitably qualified veterinary nurse registered by SAVC could be recruited for the particular position;

· There must be a well-defined and controlled scope of the veterinary nursing functions within the employing institution;

· The applicant must provide evidence of sustained excellence in his/her chosen area of competence. Competence specific registration will not be considered under conditions where the good standing of the para-veterinary profession could be harmed.
The level of evaluation should be comprehensive in relation to the para-veterinary professional’s area of competence.
Registration will be limited to the applicant’s area of competence. Any veterinary nursing procedure not covered in the scope of practice relevant to the competence specific registration may only be done by additional authorisation.


Persons with competence specific registration will be required to conform to the compulsory CPD requirements of the SAVC when fully instituted for the para-veterinary professions.


Physical disabilities: CSR may be granted to applicants who have become disabled:
Para-Veterinary professionals previously registered with the SAVC who have become disabled, or foreign para-veterinary professional candidates with disabilities, from countries who qualify for registration with the SAVC, can apply for exemption of the SAVC examination for competence specific registration.

Guidelines:

The application for CSR shall include:
An authentic certificate of the applicant’s para-veterinary or equivalent qualification: the applicant needs to provide sufficient evidence of competence for approval by the SAVC;
Letter of good standing from the previous registration authority and/or a character reference from the previous employer;
Well defined description of the area of competence and scope of work;
Motivation by the employer that the qualifications and experience are acceptable for the intended scope of practice;
Evidence that no suitably qualified veterinary nurse registered by SAVC could be recruited;
Description of additional training to be undertaken to meet local requirements, if required or any additional restrictions that will apply;
Application to sit the SAVC examination or permission to waiver the examination. Unless the need for examination has been waived all applicants will need to sit the examination.
The examination will need to cover extensively the area(s) of competence or expertise relevant to the intended scope of practice of the applicant. A request with appropriate motivation is required for all subjects and/ or material that should be excluded from the examination.

Physical disabilities : Application shall include additionally
Evidence of a permanent medical disability;
Previous track record;
Well-defined description of the intended scope of practice, specifically the range of work that the applicant will be able to do;
Motivation why the permanent medical disability would prevent the practical performance of certain procedures and /or make the examination of certain subjects superfluous.
Candidate/s must provide evidence to the SAVC that an adequate monitoring system can be provided to ensure compliance with the provisions relevant to the imposed restrictions on registration and that the standard of care of patients will not be compromised.
Examination
Unless the need for an examination has been waived, all applicants will need to successfully complete a restricted SAVC examination in which certain subjects or procedures may be excluded - as approved by the SAVC - to qualify for CSR:
Where examination is needed, the standard SAVC examination conditions and procedures will apply except for the waiver of certain subjects and procedures;
Standard examination fees will also apply, even if some subjects are omitted;
If there is sufficient motivation that the qualifications are acceptable for the intended field of activity/scope of practice or work, general examination will be not required and CSR as a veterinary nurse will be granted, with only an evaluation of Veterinary and Para-veterinary Jurisprudence required for foreign applicants and for local applicants where this has not been covered in their formal training.
No applicant will be exempted from Veterinary and Para-veterinary Jurisprudence: an examination that includes the legislation relevant to the veterinary and para-veterinary professions shall always be a requirement for CSR. Where only Veterinary Jurisprudence is evaluated, the SAVC may consider a reduced examination fee.

Competence specific registration so granted will be

· Permanent, subject to compliance with the conditions of the registration;

· Subject to payment of standard registration fee and annual maintenance fees to the SAVC;

· Subject to CPD requirements of the veterinary nurse profession;

· Recorded as being restricted to the indicated scope of work and functions, according to the specified area of competence, and with a specific employer;

· In case of physical disability the registration will be recorded as being restricted to a specified scope of work due to the specified disability.



When new employment is sought:

· An application needs to be resubmitted as before;

· SAVC’s register will be adjusted accordingly if approved by council.




South African Veterinary Council

Competence Specific Registration (CSR) for Veterinary Technology

Click here to download application form

Purpose

The main purpose of CSR is to facilitate professionals, other than registered veterinary technologists, to be registered with the South African Veterinary Council to work in a specific area of veterinary technology in South Africa and limited to the scope of work of a particular employer. This will be applicable to specifically trained animal scientists, medical technologists or other professionals with specific experience, skills and competence, including persons with physical disabilities: and foreign applicants with specific expertise.

The veterinary technology profession has evolved into a complex group of activities in various disciplines e.g. Biochemistry, Haematology, Parasitology, Microbiology, Bacteriology, Virology, Cytology, Endocrinology, Histopathology, Immunology, Pharmacology, Protozoology, Vaccinology, Entomology, and Helminthology to name but a few. Graduates in natural sciences (BSc through PhD) specialize in many of these disciplines without the broad veterinary technology training.

Consideration of competence specific registration is necessary due to the shortages of veterinary technologists in South Africa and the difficulties experienced to recruit veterinary technologists locally in some areas of specific expertise or competence.
General

Definitions:

Area of Competence: - The specific laboratory discipline, area or field of expertise in which an applicant who is performing the duties of a veterinary technologist, is competent.

Competence specific registration (CSR): - The registration by the South African Veterinary Council (SAVC) of para-veterinary professionals with specific skills and competence, to work in their chosen area of competence, without having to complete all the aspects of the standard Council registration examination. CSR provides for a career path within the scope of work of a particular employer.

Competence specific registration is applicable only to persons who have successfully completed an accepted scientific or equivalent degree or qualification, which is not recognised by the SAVC for purpose of automatic registration as veterinary technologist. Applications will be considered from suitable candidates according to the conditions and guidelines described in this document.

Where needed provisions of the Veterinary and Para-Veterinary Professions Act, 1982 may need to be changed
Provisional categories

The SAVC has provisionally accepted CSR for candidates within research and laboratory diagnostic services, academia, as well as for candidates with physical disabilities that make sitting the standard full Council registration examination impractical.
Conditions
CSR will be restricted to a specific employer.
The employer must provide adequate motivation for the need and evidence that no suitably qualified veterinary technologist registered with the SAVC could be recruited for the particular position.

· There must be a well-defined and controlled scope of the veterinary technology functions within the employing institution.


The employer must subscribe to Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) and or subscribe to the relevant laboratory codes.
· The applicant must provide evidence of sustained excellence in his/her chosen area of competence. CSR will not be considered under conditions where the good standing of the para-veterinary profession could be harmed.


The level of evaluation should be comprehensive in relation to the para-veterinary professional’s area of competence.


Registration will be limited to the applicant’s area of competence. Any veterinary technology procedure not covered in the scope of practice relevant to the CSR may only be performed by additional authorisation.


Persons with CSR will be required to conform to the compulsory CPD requirements of the SAVC when fully instituted for the para-veterinary professions.


Physical disabilities: CSR may be granted to applicants who have become disabled:
Para-Veterinary professionals previously registered with the SAVC who have become disabled, or foreign para-veterinary professional candidates with disabilities, from countries who qualify for registration with the SAVC, can apply for exemption from passing the SAVC examination in the field of competence.
Guidelines

The Registration and Authorisation Committee of the SAVC will consider each case on merit, and the applicant needs to provide sufficient evidence of competence for approval by the SAVC.

Application for Competence specific registration shall include:

An authentic certificate of the applicant’s para-veterinary or equivalent qualification(s);
Letter of good standing from the previous registration authority and/or a character reference from the previous employer;
Well-defined description of the applicant’s area of competence;
Detailed job description and motivation by the employer;
Confirmation by the employer that the specific qualifications and experience of the applicant are acceptable for the intended scope of practice/ employment, including a description of all veterinary laboratory work that may be expected from the applicant and/or field of research that the applicant will be involved with, with specific reference to areas which fall within the scope of a veterinary technologist’s work or procedures;
Evidence that no suitably qualified veterinary technologist registered with the SAVC could be recruited;
Where appropriate a waiver for the need of an examination may be requested;
Description of additional training to be undertaken to provide for local requirements, if required or any additional restrictions that will apply;
Where applicable, an application to sit a SAVC examination shall be made. This will need to cover extensively the area(s) of competence or expertise relevant to the intended scope of practice or specialist area applicable to the applicant. A request with appropriate motivation is required for all subjects and/ or material that should be excluded from the examination;
Where teaching students in an academic institution is part of the job description, the relevant academic qualifications and the modules to be taught will be submitted.


Physical disabilities : Application shall include additionally
Evidence of a permanent medical disability;
Previous track record;
Well-defined description of the intended scope of practice, specifically the range of work that the applicant will be able to do;
Motivation why the permanent medical disability would prevent the practical performance of certain procedures and /or make the examination of certain subjects superfluous.
Examination
Unless the need for an examination has been waived, all the following applicants will need to successfully complete a restricted SAVC examination in which certain subjects or procedures may be excluded - as approved by the SAVC - to qualify for CSR:

· Any candidate with an accepted scientific or equivalent degree or qualification, which is not recognised by the SAVC for purposes of registration as veterinary technologist;

· Foreign para-veterinary (veterinary technologists) graduates whose undergraduate qualifications do not currently entitle them to automatic registration as a veterinary technologist;

· Foreign veterinary postgraduates whose qualifications do not currently entitle them to automatic registration as a veterinary technologist ( para-veterinarian);
Where examination is needed, the standard SAVC examination conditions and procedures will apply except for the waiver of certain subjects and procedures.;
Standard examination fees will also apply, even if some subjects are omitted;
If there is sufficient motivation that both or either of the undergraduate or postgraduate qualifications is acceptable for the intended field of activity/scope of practice or work, general examination will be not required and competence specific registration as a veterinary technologist will be granted, with only an evaluation of Veterinary and Para-veterinary Jurisprudence required for foreign applicants and for local applicants where this has not been covered in their formal training;
No applicant will be exempted from Veterinary Jurisprudence: an examination that includes the legislation relevant to the veterinary and para-veterinary professions shall always be a requirement for competence specific registration. Where only Veterinary Jurisprudence is evaluated, the SAVC may consider a reduced examination fee.

Competence specific registration so granted will be

· Permanent, subject to compliance with the conditions of the registration;

· Subject to payment of standard registration fee and annual maintenance fees to the SAVC;

· Subject to CPD requirements of the veterinary technologist profession;

· Recorded as being restricted to the indicated scope of work and functions, according to the specified area of competence, and with a specific employer;

· Certificates may be issued with conditions of the CSR;

· In case of physical disability the registration will be recorded as being restricted to a specified scope of work due to the specified disability.

When new employment is sought:

· An application needs to be resubmitted as before;

· SAVC’s register will be adjusted accordingly if approved by council.

 

South African Veterinary Council

874 Church Street

Lisdogan Park

Pretoria




P O BOX 40510,  ARCADIA,  0007

Tel: 27 (012) 342 1612

Fax: 27 (012) 342 4354

Links to African Council websites

Veterinary Statutory Bodies in Africa
http://www.rr-africa.oie.int/en/RC/en_vsbs.html

Veterinary Council of Namibia
http://www.van.org.na/section.php?secid=10

Veterinary Council of Zimbabwe (department of livestock and veterinary services)
http://www.dlvs.gov.zw/

Kenya Veterinary Board
http://kenyavetboard.org/

Veterinary Council of Tanzania
http://www.mifugouvuvi.go.tz/vertinary-council-of-tanzania/

Botswana Veterinary Association
http://www.bva.org.bw/bva_content.php?id=2

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