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REGULATIONS

The Minister of Agriculture, in terms of Section 43 and after consideration and approval of relevant recommendations by the Council, made the regulations which can be accessed by clicking on the relevant button.  It is advisable to read these regulations in conjunction with the relevant sections in the Act and also refer to any rules that may apply.

Training - Veterinarians

Training - Veterinary Nurses

Training - Veterinary Technologists

Training - Animal Health Technicians

Monitoring Standards of Training

These regulations pertain to the minimum requirements for undergraduate training of veterinarians and para-veterinarians and includes the minimum requirements for registration in each category.

Kindly note that there are currently no minimum standards for regulation of the training for Laboratory Animal Technologists

These regulations pertain to :

- the election of members of Council and consists mainly of the direction as to how the election should be conducted and what is required of nominees.

- the prescribed qualifications for registration in each category.  These regulations and those pertaining to application and maintenance of registration are included on the same web page.

-Particulars of students

-Summons at inquiries

-Payment of Fees -Table 1- Fees Payable

-Offences and Penalties

-Table 2- Qualifications for registration as a Veterinarian

-Table 3-Qualifications for registration as a Veterinary Specialist

-Table 4-Qualifications for registration to practise a Para-Veterinary Profession

-Table 5-Entries in Registers

-Table 6-Minimum requirements for Veterinary degree subject courses

-Table 7-Minimum requirements for Veterinary nurse diploma subject courses

-Table 8-Minimum requirements for Animal Health Diploma/ Degree

-Table 9-Minimum requirements for Veterinary Technologist

-Annexure A-Nomination of a candidate for an election of members of the South African Veterinary Council

-Annexure B-Declaration by a person casting a vote during an election of members of the South African Veterinary Council

-Annexure C-Summons to appear at an inquiry

AUTOGENOUS VACCINES

DRAFT GUIDELINE

PROPOSED REGISTRATION PROCEDURE




DEFINITION

Autogenous vaccines are specific vaccines intended for emergency and restricted use (time and/or locality) and are defined as safe non-spreading products derived from specific pathogens isolated from a specific animal /bird or herd/flock of animals/birds and used under veterinary supervision in that specific animal/bird or herd/flock of animals/birds only, unless wider use is approved by the Registrar.


GENERAL

Each autogenous vaccine, after successful application for registration, will be allocated a registration number and a certificate of registration, valid for 12 months.

No autogenous vaccine may be sold without a registration certificate issued by the Registrar: Act 36/1947.

An application for the registration of an autogenous vaccine has to be made by the manufacturer at the office of the Registrar: Act 36/1947 on the specific application form.

The application has to be accompanied by a suitable motivation, which has been obtained from the veterinarian under whose supervision the vaccine is to be used. The applicant has to submit proof that, if a commercially available vaccine exists that are no longer effective, the veterinarian involved on the farm has notified the registration holder and that a suspected adverse reaction has been reported. This is not required if no commercial vaccine is available.

The applicant has to submit a master product file for the autogenous vaccine, which should include basic data on the product, including details of the source/origin of the micro-organism(s), species, route of administration, basic outline of production including the various raw materials used, proof of safety, tests carried out to prove the purity of the vaccine, proof of inactivation (not applicable in the case of certain live autogenous vaccines, for example pox, warts or any other disease at the discretion of the Registrar.

A fee of R______ will be payable for each application. If it is the opinion of the Registrar that the vaccine is still necessary after a period of 12 months, the licence will be renewed and the same fee would be payable.


REQUIREMENTS

1.                  An autogenous vaccine should comply with the same quality standards as are applicable to conventional vaccines.

2.                  Autogenous vaccines may only be manufactured by an approved manufacturer, which is subject to inspections by the Registrar on a routine basis. Distribution records for the autogenous vaccines manufactured at the facility will be examined during the inspection.

3.         Autogenous vaccines may only be prepared by a person of specialised expertise as approved by the Registrar.

4.         Autogenous vaccines may only consist of micro-organisms either proven to be safe or rendered safe by inactivation.

5.         An autogenous vaccine shall only be used by or under the directions of a registered veterinarian.

6.         The safety of an autogenous vaccine should be satisfactorily proven prior to authorisation for use in the case of poultry vaccines or where possible. In the case of large animal vaccines if testing in the applicable species is not practical prior to authorisation, the lack of safety testing should be indicated on the label and the user advised. The user should also be advised that the vaccine is to be initially administered to five animals on the farm and these animals monitored for adverse reactions.

7.                 Data to be submitted on the efficacy of an autogenous vaccine may consist of:

(a)               laboratory trial data obtained by the applicant

(b)               information obtained from the literature

If it is unpractical to obtain laboratory data prior to the application and if information is not available from the literature, the applicant should submit a suitable motivation for exemption from the submission of efficacy data mentioned in point 7: (a) and (b).

Additional efficacy data will be obtained through the application of the vaccine and needs to be submitted at the end of the 12 months. No challenge work is required, but the veterinarian under whose supervision the vaccine is used, has to monitor the situation and keep records, so as to be able to report back at the end of twelve months.

8.         Seed and product requirements:

8.1       The micro-organisms that are used as seed material to prepare an autogenous vaccine should be:

8.1.1       Isolated from sick or dead animals/birds in the herd/flock of origin and shown to be the causative agent (s) of the disease affecting the flock/herd. This would also be applicable in the case of a single animal.

8.1.2       More than one micro-organism isolated from the same herd/flock may be used as seed.

8.1.3       Micro-organisms used for the production of an autogenous vaccine should be identified as follows:

(i)                 Bacteria, fungi and Mycoplasma spp:

Identified at least to genus and species level

(ii)               Viruses:

Identified at least to family level

(iii)             Characterisation and identification shall be completed to strain and/or serotype after 15 months from the date of isolation, or 12 months from the harvest date of the first serial of autogenous vaccine produced from a micro-organism, whichever comes first.

8.2    The following data should be supplied to the Registrar by the applicant to ensure the traceablility of the use of an autogenous vaccine:

8.2.1           Location (physical address) of manufacturer

8.2.2           Full name, address (physical as well as postal) and phone number of the owner of the herd/flock of origin

8.2.3           Attending veterinarian’s name, address and phone number

8.2.4           Animal species and number in herd/flock of origin

8.2.5           Identification of micro-organism(s) at least to genus/family level

8.2.6           Diagnosis or clinical signs observed

8.2.7           Name and address of person who isolated the micro-organism(s) and the date of isolation

8.2.8           Number of doses of autogenous vaccine required and vaccination schedule

8.3    Micro-organism(s) isolated from one herd/flock should not be used to prepare an autogenous vaccine for another herd/flock. The Registrar may however, authorise the preparation of an autogenous vaccine for use in an adjacent herd/flock, should the adjacent herd/flock be considered to be at risk. The Registrar should be approached by the applicant with sufficient data to justify this authorisation.

If authorisation for use in an adjacent herd/flock, is approved by the Registrar, the following additional data should be supplied:

8.3.1            Each adjacent herd/flock owner’s name, address and phone number.

8.3.2            Number of animals/birds and species in each adjacent herd/flock.

8.3.3            The attending veterinarian’s assessment of the involvement of the adjacent herd(s)/flock(s) with the disease observed.

8.4    The Registrar will be in contact with and notify the relevant veterinary authorities in terms of Section 20 of the Animal Diseases Act (Act 35 of 1984) as required when an autogenous vaccine is to be used in adjacent herds/flocks.

8.5    The Registrar may authorise the preparation of an autogenous vaccine for use in herds/flocks that are not adjacent to the herd/flock of origin, but which are considered by the veterinary authorities to be at risk of infection with the same micro-organism(s). The following information will be required in this case:

(i)        The names and addresses of the relevant veterinarians

(ii)               The geographic designations of the area involved.

(iii)             Data on the epidemiology of the disease situation that links designated geographic areas with the herd/flock of origin.

The Registrar is to decide at what point an autogenous vaccine becomes a commercial vaccine.

8.6        The micro-organism(s) that are used in the production of an autogenous vaccine may not be older than 15 months from the date of isolation, or 12 months from the date of harvest of the first serial of the product produced from the micro-organism(s), whichever comes first. The Registrar may authorise production of additional serials from micro-organism(s) older than the above stated period, provided that the applicant submits additional information. This information should include the following:

(i)                 The applicable veterinarian’s current assessment of the continued involvement of a herd/flock with the originally isolated micro-organism(s). This should include diagnostic data to support the assessment.

(ii)               Proof of satisfactory efficacy as obtained from the previous use of the specific autogenous vaccine.

(iii)             Any additional information that the Registrar may require to justify the need to use the micro-organism(s) to manufacture further serials.

9.         Micro-organism(s) used to prepare autogenous vaccines may not be maintained in the licensed establishment beyond the time authorised for use in production, unless kept in a completely separate research facility at the establishment.

10.             The expiration date of the autogenous vaccine shall not exceed 18 months from the date of harvest.

11.       Testing requirements:

Final container samples should be tested for purity (absence of bacteria and fungi) and safety, as specified in the master product file, submitted to the Registrar.

12.             The preparation of additional serials of autogenous vaccines from micro-organisms that are older than 24 months from the date of isolation, shall be subjected to the following additional tests:

(i)                 The completed product shall be tested for antigenicity or immunogenicity in the species for which the product is recommended or in another animal species whose immunological response has been shown in the scientific literature to correlate with the response of the species for which the vaccine is recommended. These tests have to be conducted according to a protocol developed by the applicant and approved by the Registrar. The results have to be submitted to the Registrar.

Micro-organisms not shown to induce a significant immune response (non-antigenic) or non-immunogenic by these approved tests should not be used in the production of an autogenous vaccine.

13.       The autogenous vaccine may be prepared in combination with the components of a registered vaccine, provided that the requirements for an autogenous vaccine are met as regards safety, quality and efficacy. The combination product will be regarded as an autogenous vaccine.

14.       The Registrar may authorise the use of the autogenous vaccine on a ‘rearing site’, from where animals are moved to a ‘finishing site’ which is a site of known high disease risk where the isolates used in the vaccine, have been obtained from.

15.             A ‘first serial ‘is defined as the first serial of an autogenous vaccine produced from a new isolate or if the first batch of an autogenous culture produced from a new isolate is added to fractions produced from isolates used to produce the previous serial.

All the isolates used to produce a serial must be within 15 months of the date of isolation.

The serial may not include any culture that is over the age limit.

An autogenous vaccine formulation previously used does not become a ‘first serial’ if one of the isolates is removed.

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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

DEPARTMENT VAN LANDBOU

No. R. 863 1 September 2006

AGRICULTURAL PRODUCT STANDARDS ACT, 1990 (ACT No. 119 OF 1990)

REGULATIONS REGARDING THE CLASSIFICATION AND MARKING OF MEAT INTENDED FOR SALE IN THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA



The Minister of Agriculture has under section 15 of the Agricultural Product Standards Act, 1990 (Act No. 119 of 1990) --

(a) made the regulations in the Schedule; and

(b) repealed the regulations published by Government Notice No. R. 342 of 19 March 1999, as amended by Government Notice No. R. 4 of 5 January 2001.

SCHEDULE

Definitions

1. In these regulations, any word or expression to which a meaning has been assigned in the Act shall have that meaning and, unless the context otherwise indicates --

"abattoir" means a slaughter facility as defined in the Meat Safety Act;

"abattoir-identification code" means a code used in the roller-mark of carcasses as well as on stamps in the case of pig carcasses, to identify the abattoir of origin of the carcass;

"age classification" means the classification of a carcass in respect of age in the manner set out in regulation 6;

"calf” means a bovine -

(a) with a carcass mass up to a maximum of 100 kg of which only the first real molar has erupted in the upper jaw; or

(b) of which the first real molar has not yet erupted in the upper jaw;

"carcass" means the remaining part of a bovine, sheep, goat or pig after the blood thereof has been drained and the hide, skin, hair, entrails, pluck, head, tail, hooves and trotters, according to the customs in respect of a particular kind of animal as well as the diaphragm, sex organs and udder have been removed, and also --

(a) such a carcass that has been divided length-wise in two parts along the spinal column thereof; and

(b) a part referred to in paragraph (a), that has been divided into two approximately equal portions;

"conformation classification" means the classification of a carcass in respect of conformation in the manner set out in regulation 8 or regulation 8 as applied by regulation 13;

"container" means the immediate wrapping in which meat is packed for sale;

"damage classification" means the classification of a carcass in respect of damage in the manner set out in regulation 9 or regulation 9 as applied by regulation 14;

"fatness classification" means the classification of a carcass in respect of fatness in the manner set out in regulation 7;

"fat thickness" with regard to a pig carcass, means the thickness of the back fat including the skin, as determined in the manner contemplated in regulation 12;

"imported" means any cuts, whole carcasses or parts of carcasses originating from bovines, sheep, goats or pigs which have not been slaughtered in the Republic of South Africa;

"independent qualified person" means an individual who has been trained and successfully assessed by the Assignee in the classification and marking of carcasses in terms of the requirements of these regulations and who has no association, either directly or indirectly, with the abattoir concerned;

"ink" means any colouring as described in the Foodstuffs, Cosmetics and Disinfectants Act, 1972 (Act No. 54 of 1972)

"mass" with regard to a carcass, means the mass to the nearest kilogram as determined at the time of classification;

"meat" means those parts of a carcass which are normally sold for human consumption;

"no fat" means no indication of visible subcutaneous fat on a carcass;

"outer container" means the carton or case which contains one or more containers of meat;

"percentage meat" with regard to a pig carcass, means the meat content of a carcass after removal of the head, jowls, trotters, skin, subcutaneous fat, kidneys and kidney fat, tail and bone, expressed as a percentage of the carcass without the head, jowls, trotters, kidneys and kidney fat and tail;

"responsible person" means any individual, partnership, corporation, association or any other business unit that is in possession or in charge of an abattoir;

"subcutaneous fat percentage" means all the visible fat of a carcass that can be removed, expressed as a percentage of the chilled carcass mass;

"the Act" means the Agricultural Product Standards Act, 1990 (Act No. 119 of 1990); "the Meat Safety Act" means the Meat Safety Act, 2000 (Act No. 40 of 2000); and

"trademark" means a word or expression registered at the Executive Officer on written request to use in a roller-mark.

Restriction on the sale of meat

2. (1) Nobody shall, subject to the provisions of subregulations (2) and (3), sell meat in the Republic of South Africa --

(a) unless such meat is derived from a carcass which has been classified according to a class in terms of regulation 4 or 10;

(b) unless such carcass complies with the standards or other characteristics of such classes as contemplated in these regulations;

(c) unless the prescribed requirements regarding the marking of the carcass in terms of regulations 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 and 20 have been complied with;

(d) unless the prescribed requirements regarding the marking of imported meat in terms of regulation 21 have been complied with; and

(e) if such carcass, container or outer container has been marked or stamped with particulars and in a manner so prescribed as particulars with which it may not be marked or stamped.

(2) This prohibition is only applicable to --

(a) the sale of meat of carcasses obtained from animals which have been slaughtered at an abattoir in respect of which an abattoir-identification code in terms of regulation 3(3)(a) has been allocated; and

(b) the sale of meat of carcasses which have been marked with any mark, symbol or other method of expression that is or purports to be an indication of a class thereof.

(3) The Executive Officer may exempt someone in writing, either totally or in part, on the conditions which the Executive Officer deems necessary, from the stipulations of subregulation (1).

Abattoir-identification code

3. (1) An abattoir-identification code for use in the roller-marking of a carcass is allocated by the Executive Officer to the responsible person of an abattoir upon written application: Provided that -

(a) the abattoir has at its disposal a registration certificate issued in terms of the Meat Safety Act; and

(b) the abattoir has at its disposal the services of an independent qualified person.

(2) Such a code shall only be used in the abattoir to which it has been allocated.

(3) (a) If an abattoir-identification code has been allocated to an abattoir, all carcasses of a species originating from that abattoir shall be classified and roller-marked if 40 and more of that specific species are slaughtered per month.

(b) A period of grace of not more than three months after the allocation of an abattoir-identification code shall be allowed with regard to the implementation of the classification and roller-marking for each species of which 40 and more of that specific species are slaughtered at the abattoir.

(c) The responsible person of an abattoir which is registered according to the provisions of subregulations (1), (2) and (3)(a) and (b) must have at all times, a complete, updated inventory of all roller-mark equipment available for inspection and is also responsible for the safekeeping of all such roller-mark equipment.

(4) The Executive Officer may withdraw an abattoir-identification code if --

(a) the roller-marking of carcasses is not implemented within the time limit as specified in subregulation (3)(b);

(b) the abattoir concerned does not classify or roller-mark any carcasses during any 30 day period, excluding the grace period stated in subregulation (3)(b);

(c) the abattoir does not have at its disposal the services of an independent qualified person;

(d) the marking and classification of carcasses, to the judgement of the Executive Officer, are not done in accordance with the Regulations;

(e) the registration certificate issued in terms of the Meat Safety Act has been withdrawn; or

(f) the abattoir does not pay the fees as set out in section 3(1A) of the Act, to the Assignee within 30 days.

(5) When an abattoir-identification code is withdrawn in terms of subregulation (4), all roller-mark equipment must, within 48 hours after such withdrawal, be handed over to the nearest Police Station for collecting by the Assignee, or be handed over directly to the Assignee, for safekeeping until —

(a) the abattoir apply for the same or a new abattoir identification code, as the case may be, in terms of subregulation (1); or

(b) the responsible person decides to disperse the roller-mark equipment to another abattoir that has been authorized to classify carcasses.

(6) An abattoir only has to apply for a new abattoir-identification code in terms of subregulation (1) in cases where such withdrawal has taken place in terms of subregulation (4)(d).

(7) The responsible person must inform the Executive Officer or Assignee within 48 hours when there is any change at the abattoir of the independent qualified person.

(8) In case an abattoir loses the services of the independent qualified person or discontinue meat classification permanently, the Executive Officer as well as the Assignee must be informed within 24 hours and all roller-mark equipment must be handed over within 24 hours to the nearest Police Station for collecting by the Assignee, or be handed over directly to the Assignee, for safekeeping.

(9) Equipment and instruments which is used to classify and roller-mark meat may only be supplied by the Assignee.

(10) In case any losses of roller-mark equipment are observed, the responsible person of the abattoir must within 48 hours -

(a) inform the Assignee or Executive Officer of such losses and also report the case to the Police; and

(b) apply at the Executive Officer for a new abattoir-identification code.

(11) All carcasses, of which 40 or more of a specific species are slaughtered per month, originating from an abattoir to which an abattoir-identification code has been allocated, must be classified and, excluding pig carcasses, also be roller-marked in the abattoir.

CLASSIFICATION OF CALF, BOVINE, SHEEP AND GOAT CARCASS CHARACTERISTICS

Classes of caff, bovine, sheep and goat carcasses

4. (1) The carcass of a calf, bovine, sheep or goat shall be classified as a class in terms of regulation 5.

(2) The classification of a carcass shall --

(a) in the case of a calf, be done on the whole carcass or on a side thereof;

(b) in the case of a bovine, be done on the whole carcass or on a side thereof or, where the carcass has been damaged to such an extent that the side has been quartered, on a quarter thereof; or

(c) be done on the whole carcass.

(3) The classification shall take place on the day of slaughter.

Standards for classes

5. (1) The carcass of a bovine, sheep or goat shall be classified according to --

(a) age as the age classes A, AB, B or C in accordance with the provisions of regulation 6;

(b) fatness as the classes 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 in accordance with the provisions of regulation 7;

(c) conformation as the classes 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 in accordance with the provisions of regulation 8; and

(d) damage as the classes 1, 2 or 3 in accordance with the provisions of regulation 9.

(2) The carcass of a calf shall be classified according to -

(a) age as the class "Calf";

(b) conformation as the classes 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 in accordance with the provisions of regulation 8; and

(c) damage as the classes 1, 2 or 3 in accordance with the provisions of regulation 9.

Determination of age classification

6. (1) Subject to the provisions of subregulation (2), (3) and (4) the carcass of a bovine, sheep or goat that ---

(a) has no permanent incisors, shall be classified as "Age Class A";

(b) has at least one but not more than two permanent incisors, shall be classified as "Age Class AB";

(c) has at least three but not more than six permanent incisors, shall be classified as "Age Class B; and

(d) has more than six permanent incisors, shall be classified as "Age Class C".

(2) The carcass of a bovine, sheep or goat of which the head is not available for determination of age classification shall be deemed to be a carcass of Age Class C.

(3) The carcass of a young bovine of which the head is not available for determination of the age classification shall be deemed to be the carcass of a bovine of Age Class A unless the person performing the classification is satisfied that it is the carcass of a calf.

(4) All carcasses that are slaughtered at a registered abattoir must at all times, for the purpose of age classification, be identifiable with the head of such a carcass either by identifying each separate carcass and head with a corresponding number or mark or by means of an acceptable method which is acceptable to the Executive Officer and Assignee.

Determination of fatness classification

7. (1) The carcass of an animal as stipulated in column 1 of Table 1 of the Annexure that could, on the basis of a visual evaluation or calculation of the subcutaneous fat distribution thereof, be described as specified in column 2 opposite thereto, may in respect of fatness be classified as the class referred to in column 3 opposite the description concerned.

(2) A description contemplated in subregulation (1) may in the case of a chilled carcass represent a subcutaneous fat layer with a thickness as specified in column 4 of Table 1 opposite the description concerned that --

(a) in the case of a bovine, is measured between the tenth and eleventh ribs and 50 mm from the midline of that carcass; or

(b) in the case of a sheep, is measured between the third and fourth lumbar vertebrae and 25 mm from the midline of that carcass.

(3) A description contemplated in subregulation (1) may in the case of a chilled carcass represent a percentage subcutaneous fat as specified in column 5 of Table 1 opposite the description concerned.

(4) In the case of bovine and sheep carcasses any visible fat situated on the following area of the carcass shall be ignored when determining the fatness class:

(a) Bovine carcass: Around the root of the tail and pelvic cavity within a radius of 100 mm.

(b) Sheep carcass: Around the root of the tail and pelvic cavity within a radius of 50 mm.

Determination of conformation classification

8. The carcass of an animal as stipulated in column 1 of Table 2 of the Annexure that could, on the basis of a visual evaluation of the conformation thereof, be described as specified in column 2, may in respect of conformation be classified as the class referred to in column 3 opposite the description concerned.

Determination of damage classification

9. (1) The carcass of a calf, bovine, sheep or goat which is damaged to such an extent that, with due regard to the locality, extent and depth of the damage, the fat-to-meat-to-bone ratio of such a carcass --

(a) is disturbed to a slight extent only, shall be classified as Class 1 in respect of damage;

(b) is moderately disturbed, shall be classified as Class 2 in respect of damage; or

(c) is severely disturbed, shall be classified as Class 3 in respect of damage.

CLASSIFICATION OF PIG CARCASS CHARACTERISTICS

Classes of pig carcasses

10. (1) Pig carcasses shall be classified as "Sucking pig", "Class P", "Class O", "Class R", "Class C", "Class U", "Class S", "Sausage pig" or "Rough".

(2) The classification of a pig carcass shall be done on the whole carcass or on a side thereof.

(3) The classification shall take place on the day of slaughter.

Standards for classes

11. (1) A pig carcass with a mass of 20 kg or less shall be classified as the class "Sucking pig".

(2) A pig carcass with a mass of 20,1 kg or more but not more than 100 kg, shall be classified as a class as stipulated in column 1 of Table 3 of the Annexure, if the calculated percentage meat of the carcass is as specified in column 2 of the table opposite the class concerned.

(3) A pig carcass with a mass of 100,1 kg or more shall be classified as the class "Sausage pig".

(4) A pig carcass shall be classified as "Rough" if --

(a) it is a carcass of conformation class 1;

(b) on appearance, it shows conspicuously poor breeding characteristics;

(c) it is an emaciated carcass;

(d) the skin thereof appears conspicuously thick and rough; or

(e) the fat thereof appears excessively oily.

Determination of percentage meat

12. (1) The percentage meat of a pig carcass shall be calculated after --

(a) the fat thickness and muscle thickness have been measured by means of an electronic thickness meter; or

(b) the fat thickness has been measured by means of an intrascope, between the 2nd and 3rd last rib and 45 mm from the midline of the carcass while the carcass is in a hanging position.

(2) The percentage meat is calculated, depending on the technique, by means of the following formulae (fat thickness and muscle thickness in mm):

Percentage meat electronically = 72.5114 - (0.4618 x fat thickness) + (0.0547 x muscle thickness)

Percentage meat with intrascope = 74.4367 - (0.4023 x fat thickness)

(3) The result of a calculation set out in subregulation (2) shall be rounded to the last integer before a carcass is classified.

Determination of conformation classification

13. The classification of a pig carcass in respect of conformation is performed according to the provisions of regulation 8.

Determination of damage classification

14. The classification of a pig carcass in respect of damage is performed according to the provisions of regulation 9.

G06-076672—B

MARKING OF CARCASSES

Stamp marks

15. (1)(a) Each carcass characteristic as stipulated in column 1 of Table 4 of the Annexure to which a class has been allocated in column 2 shall be marked on the carcass concerned, with a stamp mark as indicated in column 3 opposite that class.

(b) A stamp mark shall be applied in the colour of ink referred to in column 4 of the mentioned table, opposite the stamp mark concerned and where applicable in the manner as set out in column 5.

(c) All stamp marks shall be applied on the day of slaughter.

(2) (a) Each carcass of a bovine, sheep or goat shall be marked with an indication of the number of permanent incisors.

(b) The indication shall, in the case of --

(i) bovine, be marked with an indelible ink pencil on both sides of the atlas vertebra, and be stamped on the carcass with a stamp in the appropriate colour of ink as set out in column 4 of Table 4 of the Annexure, opposite "Age" in column 1 of the table mentioned; and

(ii) sheep and goats, be marked with the ink colour representing the age class on the left hind shank, and be stamped on the carcass with a stamp in the appropriate colour of ink as set out in column 4 of Table 4 of the Annexure, opposite "Age" in column 1 of the table mentioned.

(3) (a) The carcass of a boar as well as of a barrow showing signs of late castration shall be identified with the stamp mark "M/D".

(b) The carcass of a ram or a bull as well as of a hamel, a kapater or an ox showing signs of late castration and which has been classified as Age class AB, Age class B or Age class C, shall be identified with the stamp mark "M/D".

(4) In case of a pig carcass, the abattoir-identification code must be applied on each side of the carcass with a stamp or indelible ink pencil, in the immediate vicinity of other stamp marks mentioned in these regulations, with purple ink.

Ink marks

16. (1) The carcass of a ram or bull which has been classified as Age class AB, Age class B or Age class C, shall be marked with black ink on the following area:

(a) Ram: On the rear end of the right hind shank.

(b) Bull: On the front end of the right front shank.

(2) The indication shall be applied at the same point on the slaughter line as where the age determination is done.

Roller-marking of carcasses

17.(1) Each carcass which has been classified as contemplated in these regulations must be roller-marked over the full length of each side or quarter thereof with the particulars prescribed for the kind of animal concerned.

(2) Each carcass shall be roller-marked on the day of slaughter.

(3) The roller-mark must comply with the following requirements:

(a) All the letters and figures in the roller-mark must be of the same type and size

(b) The vertical height of the letters and figures in the roller-mark must be minimum 6 mm and maximum 8 mm.

(c) The space between the rows of letters and figures must be 6 mm.

(d) The width of the roller-mark must be between 28 and 29 mm, or between 42 and 43 mm.

(e) The roller-mark ink must be spread evenly over the whole length of the roller-mark.

(4) The carcass of a calf, bovine, sheep or goat may also be roller-marked with a separate roller-mark that consists of the expression "HALAL", "KOSHER" or "KOSJER".

Roller-marking of bovine, sheep and goat carcasses

18. (1) Each bovine, sheep or goat carcass which has been classified as contemplated in these regulations must be roller-marked --

(a) on both sides of the carcass;

(b) 50 mm from and parallel to the centre of the carcass in the case of a sheep or goat carcass;

(c) 80 mm from and parallel to the centre of the carcass in the case of a bovine carcass; and

(d) from the hind shank end across the back of the carcass up to the neck.

(2) The roller-mark for a bovine, sheep or goat carcass must indicate the following:

(a) Age class.

(b) Fatness class.

(c) Abattoir-identification code.

(3) The roller-mark must, in the case of the carcass of --

(a) a bovine or sheep that has been classified as age class –

(i) A, be applied with purple ink;

(ii) AB, be applied with green ink;

(iii) B, be applied with brown ink; and

(iv) C, be applied with red ink.

(b) a goat, be applied with orange ink.

(4) The age class of a bovine, sheep or goat carcass must, in the case of age class --

(a) A, be indicated by the symbols "AAA";

(b) AB, be indicated by the symbols "ABAB";

(c) B, be indicated by the symbols "BBB"; and

(d) C, be indicated by the symbols "CCC".

(5) The fatness class of a bovine, sheep or goat carcass must, in the case of fatness class -

(a) 0, be indicated by the symbol "000";

(b) 1, be indicated by the symbol "111";

(c) 2, be indicated by the symbol "222"

(d) 3, be indicated by the symbol "333";

(e) 4, be indicated by the symbol "444";

(f) 5, be indicated by the symbol "555"; and

(g) 6, be indicated by the symbol "666".

(6) (a) The twelve rows of symbols in the roller-mark for a bovine, sheep or goat carcass are composed as follows:

(i) The age class must appear at least four times.

(ii) The fatness class must appear at least four times.

(iii) The abattoir-identification code must appear at least four times.

(b) If a trademark does appear in the roller-mark, the twelve rows of symbols in the roller-mark must be composed as follows:

(i) In the case where the trademark consist of two rows and the abattoir- identification code of two rows, the age class must appear three times, the fatness class three times, the trademark two times and the abattoir- identification code once, alternatively, in the roller-mark.

(ii) In the case where the trademark consist of two rows and the abattoir- identification code of one row, the age class must appear three times, the fatness class three times, the trademark two times and the abattoir- identification code two times, alternatively, in the roller-mark.

(iii) In the case where the trademark consist of one row and the abattoir- identification code of two rows, the age class must appear three times, the fatness class three times, the trademark two times and the abattoir- identification code two times, alternatively, in the roller-mark.

(iv) In the case where the trademark consist of one row and the abattoir- identification code of one row, the age class must appear three times, the fatness class three times, the trademark three times and the abattoir- identification code three times, alternatively, in the roller-mark.

Roller-marking of calf carcasses

19. (1) The roller-mark for a calf carcass must indicate the following:

(a) Age class.

(b) Abattoir-identification code.

(2) In the case of a calf carcass --

(a) the roller-mark must be applied with brown ink; and

(b) the age class must be indicated by the alternating symbols "CALF" and "KALF".

(3) (a) The twelve rows of symbols in the roller-mark for a calf carcass are composed as

follows:

(i) The age class must appear at least eight times.

(ii) The abattoir-identification code must appear at least four times.

(b) If a trademark does appear in the roller-mark, the age class has to appear at least six times and the abattoir-identification code has to appear at least four times.

Roller-marking of pig carcasses

20. (1) Pig carcasses may be roller-marked with the following particulars:

(a) Abattoir-identification code.

(b) A trademark.

(2) If pig carcasses are roller-marked, the roller-mark must be applied with purple ink.

MARKING OF MEAT

Imported meat

21. (1) Each outer container of meat which is imported into the Republic of South Africa shall be marked with the following particulars:

(a) The country of origin of the meat;

(b) generic identification; and

(c) the type of cut, date of packing and net weight of the meat.

(2) When imported meat destined for sale in the retail trade is packed in containers, each such a container shall be marked with the expression "imported from" or "ingevoer vanaf", followed by the name of the country or origin.

(3) The container of each quantity of imported meat that is sold in the retail trade may only be marked with a corresponding indication of the age class if the carcass of origin has been classified according to these regulations or according to similar classification regulations of the country of origin.

(4) The particulars referred to in subregulations (1), (2) and (3) shall be indicated in detached letters -

(a) that are clearly legible; and

(b) of which the vertical height is at least 2 mm.

(5) When imported meat destined for sale in the retail trade is displayed loose, the expression "imported from" or "ingevoer vanaf", followed by the name of the country of origin, shall be indicated in clearly legible letters with a vertical height of at least 10 mm on a notice board in the immediate vicinity of such meat.

(6) A whole or half a carcass of a bovine, sheep and goat which is imported into the Republic of South Africa may only be marked with a corresponding indication of the age class and/or fatness class if the carcass has been classified according to these regulations: Provided that -

(a) such indications are applied by means of a roller-mark, as determined by regulations 17, 18 and 19; and

(b) the country of origin be indicated at least two times in the roller-mark.

Use of the expressions "lamb" and "kid"

22. (1) The expression "lamb" may only be used in the sale of mutton that has been classified according to these regulations as Age Class A.

(2) The expression "kid" may only be used in the sale of goat's meat that has been classified according to these regulations as Age Class A.

Restricted particulars

23. (1) No mark, roller-mark or other method of expression that directly or by implication constitutes a misrepresentation shall be marked on a carcass, container or outer container of meat;

(2) The words "super", "prime", "prima", "top", "choice", "keur", "quality", "kwaliteit", "extra", "ekstra" or "ultra" or any other word or expression which directly or by implication creates or may create the impression that meat or a carcass is of a special or particular quality other than a characteristic referred to in these regulations, may not be marked on the container of meat or stamped on a carcass.

GENERAL

Offences and Penalties

24. Any person who contravenes or fails to comply with the provisions of these regulations shall be guilty of an offence and upon conviction be liable to a fine or to imprisonment in accordance with item 11 of the Act.

ANNEXURE

TABLE 1

FATNESS CLASSIFICATION OF BOVINE, SHEEP AND GOAT CARCASSES

(Reg. 7)

Kind of animal Description of carcass in: respect of fatness Fatness Class Guideline for the determination of the thickness of the subcutaneous fat layer(mm) Guideline for the percentage subcutaneous fat
1 2 3 4 5
Bovine No fat 0 Nil Less than 1.0
Very lean 1 Less than 1 At least 1.0 but not more than 3.6
Lean 2 At least 1 but not more than 3 More than 3.6 but not more than 5.6
Medium 3 More than 3 but not more than 5 More than 5.6 but not more than 7.6
Fat 4 More than 5 but not more than 7 More than 7.6 but not more than 9.6
Slightly overfat 5 More than 7 but not more than 10 More than 9.6 but not more than 11.7
Excessively over- fat 6 More than 10 More than 11.7
Sheep No fat 0 Nil Less than 1.0
Very lean 1 Less than 1 At leat 1.0 but not more than 5.6
Lean 2 At least 1 but not more than 4 More than 5.6 but not more than 8.6
Medium 3 More than 4 but not more than 7 More than 8.6 but not more than 11.6
Fat 4 More than 7 but not more than 9 More than 11.6 but not more than 14.6
Slightly overfat 5 More than 9 but not more than 11 More than 14.6 but not more than 17.6
Excessively over- Fat 6 More than 11 More than 17.6/Meer as 17.6
Goat No fat 0 Nil *

Footnote

 

* Not specified/Nie gespesifiseer nie

Very lean Maer 1 *

Footnote

 

* Not specified/Nie gespesifiseer nie

*

Footnote

 

* Not specified/Nie gespesifiseer nie

Lean 2 *

Footnote

 

* Not specified/Nie gespesifiseer nie

*

Footnote

 

* Not specified/Nie gespesifiseer nie

Medium 3 *

Footnote

 

* Not specified/Nie gespesifiseer nie

*

Footnote

 

* Not specified/Nie gespesifiseer nie

Fat 4 *

Footnote

 

* Not specified/Nie gespesifiseer nie

*

Footnote

 

* Not specified/Nie gespesifiseer nie

Slightly overfat 5 *

Footnote

 

* Not specified/Nie gespesifiseer nie

*

Footnote

 

* Not specified/Nie gespesifiseer nie

Excessively over- fat 6 *

Footnote

 

* Not specified/Nie gespesifiseer nie

*

Footnote

 

* Not specified/Nie gespesifiseer nie

TABLE 2

CONFORMATION CLASSIFICATION OF BOVINE, SHEEP, GOAT AND PIG CARCASSES

(Reg. 8)

Kind of animal Description of carcass in respect of conformation Beskrywing van karkas ten opsigte van bouvorm Conformation class
1 2 3
All species Very flat 1
Flat 2
Medium 3
Round 4
Very round 5

TABLE 3

CLASSES FOR PORK CARCASSES/KLASSE VIR VARKKARKASSE

(Reg. 11)

Class Calculated percentage meat of carcass # Fat thickness measured by means of an intrascope (mm)
1 2 2
Sucking pig *

Footnote

 

* Not specified/Nie gespesifiseer nie

*

Footnote

 

* Not specified/Nie gespesifiseer nie

P 70 and more At least 1 but not more than 12
O At least 68 but not more than 69 More than 12 but not more than 17
R At least 66 but not more than 67 More than 17 but not more than 22
C At least 64 but not more than 65 More than 22 but not more than 27
U At least 62 but not more than 63 More than 27 but not more than 32
S 61 and less More than 32
Sausage pig *

Footnote

 

* Not specified/Nie gespesifiseer nie

*

Footnote

 

* Not specified/Nie gespesifiseer nie

Rough *

Footnote

 

* Not specified/Nie gespesifiseer nie

*

Footnote

 

* Not specified/Nie gespesifiseer nie

#

With due regard to regulation 12(3)/Met inagneming van regulasie 12(3)

TABLE 4

STAMP MARKS

(Reg. 15)

Carcass characteristics Class Stamp mark Colour of ink Method of stamping
1 2 3 4 5
Calf [Reg. 5(2)] Calf A Brown With a double impression of the stamp mark
Age (bovine, sheep and goat [Reg. 6] A A Purple In the case of a bovine carcass with a stamp mark on each quarter
AB AB Green
B B Brown
C C Red
Fatness (bovine, sheep and goat)[Reg. 7] 0 0 Purple In the case of a sheep carcass with a fat tail with a double impression of the stamp mark; in the case of a bovine carcass with a stamp mark on each quarter
1 1 Purple
2 2 Purple
3 3 Purple
4 4 Purple
5 5 Purple
6 6 Purple
Conformation (bovine, calf and pig) [Reg. 8 and 13] 1 1 Green In the case of a bovine and calf carcass with a stamp mark on each side and in the case of a pig carcass with a stamp mark on one side
2 2 Green
3 3 Green
4 4 Green
5 5 Green
Damage (all species) [Reg. 9 and /en14] 1 1 Brown Shall be stamped in such a way as to indicate the damaged area
2 2 Red
3 3 Black
Masculinity (all species) [Reg. 15(3)] Male M Black In the case of a bovine carcass with a stamp mark on each side; in the case of a sheep and goat carcass with a stamp mark on one side in the immediate vicinity of the other stamp marks; in the case of a pig carcass with a stamp mark on each side
Sucking pig [Reg. 11(1)] Sucking pig S Purple On forehead
Percentage meat (pigs) [Reg. 11 (2)] P P Purple On each side in all the cases
O O Purple
R R Purple
C C Purple
U U Purple
S S Purple
Sausage pig [Reg. 11(3)] Sausage pig W Purple One stamp mark on each but-tock
Rough [Reg. 11(4)] Rough RU Black One stamp mark on each side

Department of Agriculture

No. R. 338  7 April 2006

ANIMAL DISEASES ACT, 1984

(ACT No. 35 OF 1984)

CONTROL MEASURES RELATING TO CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER IN A CERTAIN AREA



I, Angela Thokozile Didiza,  Minister of Agriculture, acting under section 9(1) of the Animal Diseases Act, 1984 (Act No. 35 of 1984), hereby prescribe the control measures set ourt in the schedule.

(Signed)

A.T. DIDIZA,

Minister of Agriculture

SCHEDULE

Definitions

1. In this Schedule any word or phrase to which a meaning has been assigned in the Act, shall have that meaning and unless  the context otherwise indicates -

"the Act" , means the Animal Diseases Act, 1984 (Act No. 35 of 1984); and

"the Regulations", means the Animal Diseases Regulations as published by Government Notice No. R.2026 of 26 September 1986, as amended by Government Notices No.s R.2208 of 24 October 1986, R.266 of 13 February 1987, R.2343 of 16 October 1987, R.884 of 5 May 1988 (as corrected by Government Notice No. R.1043 of 3 June 1988), R. 394 of 1 March 1991 (as corrected by Government Notice No. R.931 of 3 May 1991), R. 2358 of 10 December 1993, R.1023 of 27 May 1994, R.254 of 6 February 1997, R. 1136 of 11 September 1998, R. 361 of 7 April 2000, R. 443 of 25 May 2001, R. 885 of 21 September 2001  (as corrected by Government Notice No. R. 1386 of 21 December 2001), R.962 of 11 August 2004 and R. 144 of 17 February 2005 (as corrected by Government Notice No. R. 167 of 25 February 2005).   

Objective of control measure

2. The objective of this control measure is to get rid of prevent the spreading of classical swine fever (also called European Swine Fever or Hog Cholera and hereinafter refer to as Classical Swine Fever) in pigs, wild pigs, bushpigs and warthogs form the area specified in the table -

(a)    to prohibit the export of pigs, wild pigs, bushpigs and warthogs, as well as any of their products and genetic materials, from such area; and

(b)    to prohibit the movement of pigs, wild pigs, bushpigs and warthogs, as well as any of their products and genetic materials, except on authority of a permit from such area.

Prohibition on the export pigs, wild pigs, bushpigs and warthogs , as well as any of their products and genetic materials from a certain area

3. No pigs, wild pigs, bushpigs and warthogs, nor any of their products and genetic materials may be exported from the area specified in the table.

Prohibition on the movement of pigs, wild pigs, bushpigs and warthogs , as well as any of their products and genetic materials, except on authority of a permit

4. (1) No pigs, wild pigs, bushpigs and warthogs, nor any of their products and genetic materials may be moved from the area specified in the table, except under the authority of a permit contemplated in regulation 20 (1) of the Regulations.

(2) The permit referred to in subregulation 2 (b) and 4 (1) may be issued only for pigs, wild pigs, bushpigs and warthogs, as well as any of their products and genetic materials, that are certified to be free of Classical Swine Fever to the satisfaction of the director referred to in section 2 (1) of the Act.

(3) Any exemption in terms of Regulations 11 (2) (a) and (b) may be granted only subject to written approval of the director referred to in section 2(1) of the Act.

TABLE

The following area:

Whole of Eastern Cape Province

GOVERNMENT NOTICES


DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


No. R. 370


26 April 2007


ANIMAL DISEASES ACT, 1984 (ACT No. 35 OF 1984)


CONTROL MEASURES RELATING TO CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER IN A CERTAIN AREA:


RESCISSION


I, Lulama Xingwana, Minister of Agriculture, acting under section 9 (1) (d) of the Animal Diseases Act, 1984 (Act No. 35 of 1984),

hereby rescind the control measures relating to Classical swine fever in a certain area as prescribed in Government Notice No. R.338 of 7 April 2006.


Lulama. Xingwana


Minister of Agriculture


No. R. 371    26 April 2007


ANIMAL DISEASES ACT, 1984 (ACT No. 35 OF 1984)


REGULATIONS: AMENDMENT


I, Lulama Xingwana, Minister of Agriculture, acting under section 31 of the Animal Diseases Act, 1984 (Act No. 35 of 1984), hereby make the regulation hereunder.


Lulama Xingwana


Minister of Agriculture


SCHEDULE Definitions


1 In this Schedule any word or phrase to which a meaning has been assigned in the Act, shall have that meaning and unless the context otherwise indicates -


"the Act", means the Animal Diseases Act, 1984 (Act No. 35 of 1984); and    


"the Regulations", means the Animal Diseases Regulations as published by Government Notice No. R. 2026 of 26 September 1986, as amended by Government Notices Nos. R. 2208 of 24 October 1986, R.266 of 13 February


1987, R. 2343 of 16 October 1987, R.884 of 5 May 1988 (as corrected by Government Notice No. R. 1043 of 3 June 1988), R. 394 of 1 March 1991 (as corrected by Government Notice No. R. 931 of 3 May 1991), R.2358 of 10 December 1993, R.1023 of 27 May 1994, R. 254 of 6 February 1997, R.1136 of 11 September 1998, R.361 of 7 April 2000, R. 443 of 25 May 2001, R.885 of 21 September 2001 (as corrected by Government Notice No. R. 1386 of 21 December 2001), R. 162 of 24 February 2006, R. 163 of 24 February 2006, R. 864 of 1 September 2006 (as corrected by Government Notice No.R. 1059 of 27 October 2006) and R. 204 of 16 March 2007.


Amendment of Table 1 of the Regulations


2 Table 1 of the Regulations is hereby amended by


(a) the deletion of the entry in respect of the controlled animal disease "Rabies";


(b) the insertion after the entry in respect of the controlled animal
disease "Foot and mouth disease" of the following:


3. European swine fever / The eastern part of the Eastern Cape


Province described Classical swine fever / Hog as follows: cholera


(a) The whole of the District Municipality of O.R Tambo.


(b) The eastern portion of the District Municipality of Chris Hani including the following local municipalities: Engcobo, Intsika Yethu, Emalahleni and Sakhisizwe.


(c) The eastern portion of the District Municipality of Amathole including the following local municipalities: Mbashe, Mnquma and that portion of the local

municipality
of Amahlathi north east of the Kei River


(d) The southern portion of the District Municipality of Alfred Nzo including those portions of the local


municipality of Umzimvubu
that lie between the N2 and the north-western border of the District Municipality of O. R. Tambo.


Amendment of Table 2 of the Regulations

3 Table 2 of the Regulations in the English text is the hereby amended by the substitution of the "European swine fever" in column 1 for the animal disease of the following: "European swine fever / Classical


swine fever / Hog cholera"


Lulama Xingwana


Minister of Agriculture

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